The authors analysed six-year activity of the intensive Care Unit of Department of Neurology, Medical University of Pécs (POTEI), and two-year activity of the Intensive Care Unit of Department of Neurology, Semmelweis University of Medicine, Budapest (SOTEI). Mortality at POTEI and SOTEI was 33.9% and 32.2%, respectively. Mean duration of stay of survivors at POTEI was 10 +/- 12.8 days, and 7 +/- 6.8 days at SOTEI; mean duration of care of the deceased patients at POTEI was 6.3 +/- 10.5 days, and 10 +/- 13.7 days at SOTEI. At POTEI 60.7%, at SOTEI 63% of the patients was admitted because of cerebrovascular insult. Mortality of patients with brain haemorrhage at POTEI and SOTEI was 53.4% and 57.7% respectively. Mortality of the ischaemic group was 40.6% (POTEI) and 35.3% (SOTEI). In the group of intracranial tumours 44.4% mortality was recorded at POTEI and 47.6% at SOTEI. At POTEI 240 patients (15.9%), while at SOTEI 94 patients (21%) were admitted to treat epileptic seizures. Among the 510 patients, who died within one month 284 patients (55.6%) were unconscious at admission. From those with coma due to severe structural lesion of the brain (brain ischaemia, bleeding, meningitis) only 15 patients survived. Among the 184 patients, who were comatose and survived, the most frequent diagnosis was suicidal attempt with hypnotics (n = 67), metabolic encephalopathy (n = 19) and epilepsy (n = 12). At SOTEI among the 144 deceased patients 102 (70.8%) were unconscious at admission. Coma at admission proved to be a strong predictor of mortality. Mortality of the ventilated patients was 83% at POTEI and of those having subclavian catheter (n = 592) was 47.1%. In the acute phase of brain ischaemia at POTEI 39%, at SOTEI 10.7% of the patients received heparin. At SOTEI the cost of medication of patients who died after two weeks of care was 65.2% higher than that of the survived patients.
|Translated title of the contribution||Analysis of the activity of neurologic intensive care units|
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - May 2 1999|
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