T-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHL) exhibit a clonal T-cell receptor (TCR) gamma gene rearrangement as a result of sequential assembly of their variable (V gamma) and joining (J gamma) region segments. The analysis of the TCR gamma gene rearrangements may help to differentiate reactive lymphoproliferations from T-cell NHLs. The aim of this study was to reveal the usefulness of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis of the TCR gamma gene rearrangement in the diagnosis of T-cell NHLs using native and formol-paraffin embedded tissues. The PCR amplification of the TCR gamma gene was performed by the V gamma specific sense and J gamma specific antisense primer pairs. The PCR products were evaluated by polyacrilamide gel electrophoresis containing ethidium bromide. The PCR analysis of the TCR gamma gene rearrangements has been performed in 95 lymphoproliferative disorders. The PCR analysis of the TCR gamma gene showed clonal gene rearrangement in 22 cases out of the 39 T-cell NHLs and in one case out of the 12 O-cell anaplastic large cell lymphoma but no clonal rearrangements were detected in any of the 15 reactive lymphoproliferations or 13 B-cell NHLs. Thus, clonal TCR gamma gene rearrangements was detected by PCR in 58.2% of T-cell NHLs but no clonal TCR gamma gene rearrangements were shown in any of reactive lymphoproliferations of B-cell NHLs. These studied showed that the PCR amplification of the TCR gamma gene can be a powerful tool in the diagnosis of T-cell NHLs.
|Translated title of the contribution||Analysis of T-cell receptor gamma-gene rearrangement in lymphoproliferative disorders using polymerase chain reaction|
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 31 1999|
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