Analysis of honey using capillary electrophoresis with electrokinetic injection – Direct analysis of viscous samples without sample pretreatment

Zsofi Sajtos, Melinda Andrasi, Attila Gaspar

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Although the electrokinetic injection mode is applicable for direct introduction of ionic components from highly viscous samples, this is the first work which studies this special feature of capillary electrophoresis for this purpose. 9 metal cations were determined in honey utilizing direct injection, zone electrophoretic separation and indirect UV detection of the sample components. Reproducibility better than 4 RSD% was found for peak areas and the LOD values ranged between 0.045 and 0.44 mg/kg when injection parameters were set to 7.5 kV × 5 s. In order to remedy the quantitation problems arising from mobility and matrix bias, the applicability of the internal universal calibration was examined. It was found that in cases where the mobilities of cations do not differ from the mobilities of the monitoring ion and the internal universal standard (IUS) by more than 10%, the obtained results agreed well with the data measured with ICP-OES.

Original languageEnglish
Article number122052
JournalJournal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2020


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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