Analysis of energy and environmental parameters during solar cabinet drying of apple and carrot

G. Romano, L. Kocsis, I. Farkas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A modular solar cabinet dryer equipped with an air collector including a drying chamber with different tray arrangements was developed to determine moisture changes in different sizes and forms (slices and cubes) of apple and carrot pieces and to carry out serial measurements of temperatures, solar radiation, and air humidity distributions during the drying process. The initial and final moisture contents (w.b.) of fresh products were 88 and 26% for apple and 71 and 13% for carrot with initial weights of 1.56 and 3 kg, respectively. The results revealed that the temperature inside the chamber was strongly negatively correlated with air humidity (R2 = 0.91) and that the length of the drying period was influenced by the weather conditions, as the cloudy weather retarded drying of carrots. It was possible to reach an air drying temperature over 41°C with a daily total solar energy incident on the collector's surface of 857.2 kJ/(m2 day) for apples and 753.20 kJ/(m2 day) for carrots. The analysis of energy requirements to remove moisture from apples and carrots during the total drying period showed values of 3300.19 and 7428.28 kJ/kg, respectively. The amount of air to remove water from the samples was also determined as 126.93 m3 for apples and 928.56 m3 for carrots.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)574-579
Number of pages6
JournalDrying Technology
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 17 2009

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Keywords

  • Amount of air
  • Modular structure
  • Moisture removal
  • Solar collector

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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