Analyses of the optical and magneto-optical spectra of Tb3 Ga5 O12

John B. Gruber, Dhiraj K. Sardar, Raylon M. Yow, U. V. Valiev, A. K. Mukhammadiev, V. Yu Sokolov, Irina Amin, K. Lengyel, I. S. Kachur, Valeriya G. Piryatinskaya, Bahram Zandi

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Abstract

Absorption spectra of the FJ7, D 4,3,2 5, G 6,5,4 5, and L 10,9 5 multiplet manifolds of Tb3+ (4 f8) in D2 sites in cubic garnet Tb3 Ga5 O12 (TbGaG) are investigated at sample temperatures between 1.8 K and room temperature. Absorption measurements extend from 5000 to 340 nm. From analyses of temperature-dependent (hot-band) absorption spectra, many of the crystal-field split energy (Stark) levels of the LJ 2S+1 multiplet manifolds of Tb3+ are identified and confirmed from analyses of the fluorescence spectra observed between 485 and 680 nm, representing transitions from the D45 to the FJ7 manifolds. Each manifold is split by the crystal field into 2J+1 Stark levels. Some of these manifolds, including the ground-state manifold F67, consist of Stark levels that are accidentally degenerate, or nearly so, making transitions to or from these levels appear as unresolved spectra, even at the lowest temperature investigated (1.8 K). To resolve these spectra, we have investigated the Zeeman and magneto-optical spectra for representative manifolds D45, F57, and F67 at temperatures of 78 and 85 K and magnetic fields up to 7 kOe. The data are interpreted using the Stark levels and wave functions from a crystal-field splitting calculation that involved 80 individual Stark levels identified from the optical spectra of the FJ7 and quintet states reported in this study. Good agreement is obtained between the calculated and the experimental Stark levels. The calculated energy and symmetry label for each Stark level in the D45, F57, and F67 manifolds suitably interpret the spectral properties observed in the magneto-optical spectra, including the experimental assignment reported in the literature for the ground state as a quasidoublet ( 1, 2 ).

Original languageEnglish
Article number023108
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume101
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

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optical spectrum
crystal field theory
fine structure
absorption spectra
ground state
temperature
garnets
wave functions
fluorescence
energy
symmetry
room temperature
magnetic fields

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Gruber, J. B., Sardar, D. K., Yow, R. M., Valiev, U. V., Mukhammadiev, A. K., Sokolov, V. Y., ... Zandi, B. (2007). Analyses of the optical and magneto-optical spectra of Tb3 Ga5 O12. Journal of Applied Physics, 101(2), [023108]. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2408344

Analyses of the optical and magneto-optical spectra of Tb3 Ga5 O12. / Gruber, John B.; Sardar, Dhiraj K.; Yow, Raylon M.; Valiev, U. V.; Mukhammadiev, A. K.; Sokolov, V. Yu; Amin, Irina; Lengyel, K.; Kachur, I. S.; Piryatinskaya, Valeriya G.; Zandi, Bahram.

In: Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 101, No. 2, 023108, 2007.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gruber, JB, Sardar, DK, Yow, RM, Valiev, UV, Mukhammadiev, AK, Sokolov, VY, Amin, I, Lengyel, K, Kachur, IS, Piryatinskaya, VG & Zandi, B 2007, 'Analyses of the optical and magneto-optical spectra of Tb3 Ga5 O12', Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 101, no. 2, 023108. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2408344
Gruber JB, Sardar DK, Yow RM, Valiev UV, Mukhammadiev AK, Sokolov VY et al. Analyses of the optical and magneto-optical spectra of Tb3 Ga5 O12. Journal of Applied Physics. 2007;101(2). 023108. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2408344
Gruber, John B. ; Sardar, Dhiraj K. ; Yow, Raylon M. ; Valiev, U. V. ; Mukhammadiev, A. K. ; Sokolov, V. Yu ; Amin, Irina ; Lengyel, K. ; Kachur, I. S. ; Piryatinskaya, Valeriya G. ; Zandi, Bahram. / Analyses of the optical and magneto-optical spectra of Tb3 Ga5 O12. In: Journal of Applied Physics. 2007 ; Vol. 101, No. 2.
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abstract = "Absorption spectra of the FJ7, D 4,3,2 5, G 6,5,4 5, and L 10,9 5 multiplet manifolds of Tb3+ (4 f8) in D2 sites in cubic garnet Tb3 Ga5 O12 (TbGaG) are investigated at sample temperatures between 1.8 K and room temperature. Absorption measurements extend from 5000 to 340 nm. From analyses of temperature-dependent (hot-band) absorption spectra, many of the crystal-field split energy (Stark) levels of the LJ 2S+1 multiplet manifolds of Tb3+ are identified and confirmed from analyses of the fluorescence spectra observed between 485 and 680 nm, representing transitions from the D45 to the FJ7 manifolds. Each manifold is split by the crystal field into 2J+1 Stark levels. Some of these manifolds, including the ground-state manifold F67, consist of Stark levels that are accidentally degenerate, or nearly so, making transitions to or from these levels appear as unresolved spectra, even at the lowest temperature investigated (1.8 K). To resolve these spectra, we have investigated the Zeeman and magneto-optical spectra for representative manifolds D45, F57, and F67 at temperatures of 78 and 85 K and magnetic fields up to 7 kOe. The data are interpreted using the Stark levels and wave functions from a crystal-field splitting calculation that involved 80 individual Stark levels identified from the optical spectra of the FJ7 and quintet states reported in this study. Good agreement is obtained between the calculated and the experimental Stark levels. The calculated energy and symmetry label for each Stark level in the D45, F57, and F67 manifolds suitably interpret the spectral properties observed in the magneto-optical spectra, including the experimental assignment reported in the literature for the ground state as a quasidoublet ( 1, 2 ).",
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