An Overview of Thunderstorm-Related Research on the Atmospheric Electric Field, Schumann Resonances, Sprites, and the Ionosphere at Sopron, Hungary

G. Sátori, Michael Rycroft, Pál Bencze, Ferenc Märcz, J. Bór, Veronika Barta, Tamás Nagy, Károly Kovács

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper gives a resume of the papers written in English which (a) describe some of the recording instruments in use at the Nagycenk Observatory (NCK) since the International Geophysical Year (IGY 1957-1958) and up to the present time, (b) summarise the most important and different types of observations associated with thunderstorms which have been made there, and (c) discuss their various geophysical interpretations. The paper describes the main results which have been obtained in four areas of thunderstorm associated atmospheric and geospace science within the context of Earth system science. These relate to the following parameters of atmospheric electricity: the vertical electric potential gradient just above the Earth's surface and the air-Earth current as well as the point discharge current, Schumann resonance (SR) signals of the Earth-ionosphere cavity at 8, 14 and 20 Hz, transient luminous events (TLEs), and some aspects of the behaviour of the ionosphere. Deductions from these data sets are concerned with the global lightning activity and the conductivity of the air, with diurnal, seasonal, annual and long-term variations of the SR amplitudes and resonant frequencies in terms of migrating thunderstorm centres, with transient SR excitations and with sprites and other TLEs, and with ionospheric disturbances. The paper closes with some thoughts on future research directions based on the observations at NCK and Sopron and the results achieved since the IGY.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)255-292
Number of pages38
JournalSurveys in Geophysics
Volume34
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

International Geophysical Year
sprite
Thunderstorms
Hungary
thunderstorms
Ionosphere
thunderstorm
ionospheres
electric field
ionosphere
Earth (planet)
Electric fields
electric fields
observatories
Observatories
atmospheric electricity
observatory
recording instruments
telluric currents
ionospheric disturbances

Keywords

  • Annual variations
  • Atmospheric electric field
  • Atmospheric electricity parameters
  • Day/night differences
  • Disturbed weather conditions
  • Diurnal variations
  • El Niño (ENSO) variations
  • Fair weather conditions
  • Geoelectromagnetism
  • Instruments
  • Ionosphere

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics

Cite this

An Overview of Thunderstorm-Related Research on the Atmospheric Electric Field, Schumann Resonances, Sprites, and the Ionosphere at Sopron, Hungary. / Sátori, G.; Rycroft, Michael; Bencze, Pál; Märcz, Ferenc; Bór, J.; Barta, Veronika; Nagy, Tamás; Kovács, Károly.

In: Surveys in Geophysics, Vol. 34, No. 3, 2013, p. 255-292.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sátori, G. ; Rycroft, Michael ; Bencze, Pál ; Märcz, Ferenc ; Bór, J. ; Barta, Veronika ; Nagy, Tamás ; Kovács, Károly. / An Overview of Thunderstorm-Related Research on the Atmospheric Electric Field, Schumann Resonances, Sprites, and the Ionosphere at Sopron, Hungary. In: Surveys in Geophysics. 2013 ; Vol. 34, No. 3. pp. 255-292.
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