An objective classification system of air mass types for Szeged, Hungary, with special interest in air pollution levels

L. Makra, J. Mika, A. Bartzokas, R. Béczi, E. Borsos, Z. Sümeghy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)


This paper determines the characteristic air mass types over the Carpathian Basin for the winter (December, January, and February) and summer (June, July and August) months dependant on levels of the main air pollutants. Based on the ECMWF data set, daily sea-level pressure fields analysed at 00 UTC were prepared for each air mass type (cluster) in order to relate sea-level pressure patterns with the level of air pollutants in Szeged. The data comprise daily values of twelve meteorological and eight pollutant parameters for the period 1997-2001. Objective definition of the characteristic air mass types is achieved by using the methods of Factor Analysis and Cluster Analysis. According to the results, during the winter months five air mass types (clusters) were detected based on higher concentrations of primary pollutants that occur with high irradiance and low wind speed. This is the case when an anticyclone is found over the Carpathian Basin and over the region south of Hungary, influencing the weather of the country. Low levels of pollutants occur when zonal currents exert influence over Hungary. During the summer months anticyclones and anticyclone ridge situations are found over the Carpathian Basin. (During the prevalence of anticyclone ridge situations, the Carpathian Basin is found at the edge of a high pressure centre.) As a result of high irradiance and very low NO levels, secondary pollutants are highly enriched.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-137
Number of pages23
JournalMeteorology and Atmospheric Physics
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2006


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science

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