An investigation of prototypical and atypical within-category vowels and non-speech analogues on cortical auditory evoked related potentials (AERPs) in 9year old children

Jennifer Bruder, Paavo H T Leppänen, Jürgen Bartling, V. Csépe, Jean Francois Démonet, Gerd Schulte-Körne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study examined cortical auditory evoked related potentials (AERPs) for the P1-N250 and MMN components in children 9. years of age. The first goal was to investigate whether AERPs respond differentially to vowels and complex tones, and the second goal was to explore how prototypical language formant structures might be reflected in these early auditory processing stages. Stimuli were two synthetic within-category vowels (/y/), one of which was preferred by adult German listeners ("prototypical-vowel"), and analogous complex tones. P1 strongly distinguished vowels from tones, revealing larger amplitudes for the more difficult to discriminate but phonetically richer vowel stimuli. Prototypical language phoneme status did not reliably affect AERPs; however P1 amplitudes elicited by the prototypical-vowel correlated robustly with the ability to correctly identify two prototypical-vowels presented in succession as "same" (r = -0.70) and word reading fluency (r = -0.63). These negative correlations suggest that smaller P1 amplitudes elicited by the prototypical-vowel predict enhanced accuracy when judging prototypical-vowel "sameness" and increased word reading speed. N250 and MMN did not differentiate between vowels and tones and showed no correlations to behavioural measures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)106-117
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Psychophysiology
Volume79
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2011

Fingerprint

Auditory Evoked Potentials
Reading
Language
Aptitude

Keywords

  • Auditory
  • Children
  • ERP
  • Language
  • P1
  • Perceptual magnet effect
  • Prototypical
  • Vowel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

Cite this

An investigation of prototypical and atypical within-category vowels and non-speech analogues on cortical auditory evoked related potentials (AERPs) in 9year old children. / Bruder, Jennifer; Leppänen, Paavo H T; Bartling, Jürgen; Csépe, V.; Démonet, Jean Francois; Schulte-Körne, Gerd.

In: International Journal of Psychophysiology, Vol. 79, No. 2, 02.2011, p. 106-117.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bruder, Jennifer ; Leppänen, Paavo H T ; Bartling, Jürgen ; Csépe, V. ; Démonet, Jean Francois ; Schulte-Körne, Gerd. / An investigation of prototypical and atypical within-category vowels and non-speech analogues on cortical auditory evoked related potentials (AERPs) in 9year old children. In: International Journal of Psychophysiology. 2011 ; Vol. 79, No. 2. pp. 106-117.
@article{0ce4b0603e1e4b1db4d6690ec1e34e06,
title = "An investigation of prototypical and atypical within-category vowels and non-speech analogues on cortical auditory evoked related potentials (AERPs) in 9year old children",
abstract = "The present study examined cortical auditory evoked related potentials (AERPs) for the P1-N250 and MMN components in children 9. years of age. The first goal was to investigate whether AERPs respond differentially to vowels and complex tones, and the second goal was to explore how prototypical language formant structures might be reflected in these early auditory processing stages. Stimuli were two synthetic within-category vowels (/y/), one of which was preferred by adult German listeners ({"}prototypical-vowel{"}), and analogous complex tones. P1 strongly distinguished vowels from tones, revealing larger amplitudes for the more difficult to discriminate but phonetically richer vowel stimuli. Prototypical language phoneme status did not reliably affect AERPs; however P1 amplitudes elicited by the prototypical-vowel correlated robustly with the ability to correctly identify two prototypical-vowels presented in succession as {"}same{"} (r = -0.70) and word reading fluency (r = -0.63). These negative correlations suggest that smaller P1 amplitudes elicited by the prototypical-vowel predict enhanced accuracy when judging prototypical-vowel {"}sameness{"} and increased word reading speed. N250 and MMN did not differentiate between vowels and tones and showed no correlations to behavioural measures.",
keywords = "Auditory, Children, ERP, Language, P1, Perceptual magnet effect, Prototypical, Vowel",
author = "Jennifer Bruder and Lepp{\"a}nen, {Paavo H T} and J{\"u}rgen Bartling and V. Cs{\'e}pe and D{\'e}monet, {Jean Francois} and Gerd Schulte-K{\"o}rne",
year = "2011",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2010.09.008",
language = "English",
volume = "79",
pages = "106--117",
journal = "International Journal of Psychophysiology",
issn = "0167-8760",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - An investigation of prototypical and atypical within-category vowels and non-speech analogues on cortical auditory evoked related potentials (AERPs) in 9year old children

AU - Bruder, Jennifer

AU - Leppänen, Paavo H T

AU - Bartling, Jürgen

AU - Csépe, V.

AU - Démonet, Jean Francois

AU - Schulte-Körne, Gerd

PY - 2011/2

Y1 - 2011/2

N2 - The present study examined cortical auditory evoked related potentials (AERPs) for the P1-N250 and MMN components in children 9. years of age. The first goal was to investigate whether AERPs respond differentially to vowels and complex tones, and the second goal was to explore how prototypical language formant structures might be reflected in these early auditory processing stages. Stimuli were two synthetic within-category vowels (/y/), one of which was preferred by adult German listeners ("prototypical-vowel"), and analogous complex tones. P1 strongly distinguished vowels from tones, revealing larger amplitudes for the more difficult to discriminate but phonetically richer vowel stimuli. Prototypical language phoneme status did not reliably affect AERPs; however P1 amplitudes elicited by the prototypical-vowel correlated robustly with the ability to correctly identify two prototypical-vowels presented in succession as "same" (r = -0.70) and word reading fluency (r = -0.63). These negative correlations suggest that smaller P1 amplitudes elicited by the prototypical-vowel predict enhanced accuracy when judging prototypical-vowel "sameness" and increased word reading speed. N250 and MMN did not differentiate between vowels and tones and showed no correlations to behavioural measures.

AB - The present study examined cortical auditory evoked related potentials (AERPs) for the P1-N250 and MMN components in children 9. years of age. The first goal was to investigate whether AERPs respond differentially to vowels and complex tones, and the second goal was to explore how prototypical language formant structures might be reflected in these early auditory processing stages. Stimuli were two synthetic within-category vowels (/y/), one of which was preferred by adult German listeners ("prototypical-vowel"), and analogous complex tones. P1 strongly distinguished vowels from tones, revealing larger amplitudes for the more difficult to discriminate but phonetically richer vowel stimuli. Prototypical language phoneme status did not reliably affect AERPs; however P1 amplitudes elicited by the prototypical-vowel correlated robustly with the ability to correctly identify two prototypical-vowels presented in succession as "same" (r = -0.70) and word reading fluency (r = -0.63). These negative correlations suggest that smaller P1 amplitudes elicited by the prototypical-vowel predict enhanced accuracy when judging prototypical-vowel "sameness" and increased word reading speed. N250 and MMN did not differentiate between vowels and tones and showed no correlations to behavioural measures.

KW - Auditory

KW - Children

KW - ERP

KW - Language

KW - P1

KW - Perceptual magnet effect

KW - Prototypical

KW - Vowel

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79551630538&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79551630538&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2010.09.008

DO - 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2010.09.008

M3 - Article

C2 - 20888869

AN - SCOPUS:79551630538

VL - 79

SP - 106

EP - 117

JO - International Journal of Psychophysiology

JF - International Journal of Psychophysiology

SN - 0167-8760

IS - 2

ER -