The speciations of some potent insulin-mimetic zinc(II) complexes of bidentate ligands: maltol and 1,2-dimethyl-3-hydroxypyridinone with (O,O) and picolinic acid with (N,O) coordination modes, were studied via solution equilibrium investigations of the ternary complex formation in the presence of small relevant bioligands of the blood serum such as cysteine, histidine and citric acid. Results show that formation of the ternary complexes, especially with cysteine, is favoured at physiological pH range in almost all systems studied. Besides these low molecular mass binders, serum proteins among others albumin and transferrin can bind zinc(II) or its complexes. Accordingly, the distribution of zinc(II) between the small and high molecular mass fractions of the serum was also studied by ultrafiltration. Modelling calculations relating to the distribution of zinc(II), using the stability constants of the ternary complexes studied and those of the serum proteins reported in the literature, confirmed the ultrafiltration results, namely, the primary role of albumin in zinc(II) binding among the low and high molecular mass components of the serum.
- Insulin-mimetic zinc(II) complexes
- Solution equilibrium study
- Ternary complexes
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Inorganic Chemistry