An Experimental Study of a Concurrent Primary Infection with Bovine Respiratory Syncytial Virus (BRSV) and Bovine Viral Diarrhoea Virus (BVDV) in Calves

M. Elvander, C. Baule, M. Persson, L. Egyed, A. Ballagi-Pordány, S. Belák, S. Alenius

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Experimental infections with bovine respiratory syn- cytial virus (BRSV) and bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) were performed to study the effect of concurrent BRSV and BVDV infections. Twelve seronegative calves, in 3 groups, were inoculated on a single occasion with pure BRSV (group A), BRSV and noncytopathogenic BVDV (group B) or mock infected (group C). Mild respiratory symptoms were recorded 4 to 5 days post inoculation (dpi) in group A and group B calves. One calf in group A was severely affected and required medical treatment. In group B, fever (40.7-41.4 °C) was prominent 7 to 8 dpi. Only calves in group B were BVDV positive in purified lymphocytes at 2 to 14 dpi and showed increased serum interferon levels, with a peak at 4 dpi, indicating BVDV to be responsible for inducing the rise. BRSV was detected in lung lavage fluids up to 7 dpi for group A calves, compared to 11 dpi for group B and calves in this group also seroconverted later displaying lower BRSV titers. The time lag before an antibody response and the titers recorded in group B, indicated that the duration of BVDV infection in lymphocytes negatively influenced the capacity to mount a BRSV antibody response.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)251-264
Number of pages14
JournalActa veterinaria Scandinavica
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 1998



  • Cattle
  • Interferon
  • PCR
  • Respiratory disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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