An economic synthesis of 1,2,3,4-tetra-O-acetyl-5-thio-D-xylopyranose and its transformation into 4-substituted-phenyl 1,5-dithio-D-xylopyranosides possessing antithrombotic activity

Éva Bozó, Sándor Boros, János Kuszmann, Eszter Gács-Baitz, László Párkányi

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D-Xylose was converted via 1,2-O-isopropylidene-α-D-xylofuranose (4) into 3-O-benzoyl-5-S-benzoyl- 1,2-O-isopropylidene-α-D-xylofuranose which, after methanolysis, acetylation and subsequent acetolysis afforded 1,2,3,4-tetra-O-acetyl-5-thio-α-D-xylopyranose (14) in an overall yield of 36%. Reaction of 4 with thionyl chloride gave a mixture of the diastereomeric cyclic sulfites, the structures of which were established by X-ray crystallography. Their oxidation with sodium periodate afforded the corresponding cyclic sulfate 23. Treatment of 23 with potassium thioacetate gave the potassium salt of 5-S-acetyl-1,2-O-isopropylidene-α-D-xylofuranose 3-O-sulfonic acid (26) which, after methanolysis, acetylation and subsequent acetolysis afforded 14 in an overall yield of 56%. Treatment of 4 with sulfuryl chloride gave a mixture containing 5-chloro-3-O-chlorosulfonyl-5-deoxy-1, 2-O-isopropylidene-α-D-xylofuranose, 3,7,9,11-tetraoxa-4-thia-10-dimethyl-tricyclo[6,3,0,02,6]undecane S-dioxide and 23 in a 2:3:7 ratio. Tetraacetate 14 was converted into the α-1-bromide 18 as well as into the α-1-O-trichloroacetimidate 17. These three compounds were used as donors for the glycosylation with 4-cyanothiophenol, affording the 4-cyanophenyl 2,3,4-tri-O-acctyl-1,5-dithio-α- (29) and β-D-xylopyranoside (30) in different ratios, depending on the reaction conditions, When donor 18 was used in the presence of potassium carbonate, besides 29 and 30 two aryl C-glycosylated-thioglycosides, i.e. 4-cyano-2-(2, 3,4-tri-O-acetyl-5-thio-β-D- xylopyranosyl)phenyl 2,3,4-tri-O-acetpy-1,5-dithio-α- and β-D-xylopyranoside (32 and 33) as well as 4-cyano-2-(2,3,4-tri-O-acetyl-5-thio-β-D-xylopyranosyl)phenyl disulfide 34 could be isolated as byproducts. Deacetylation of 30 with sodium methoxide in methanol afforded, besides 4-cyanophenyl 1,5-dithio-β-D-xylopyranoside (1), the corresponding 4-[(methoxy)(imino)methyl]phenyl glycoside 2. The 4-cyano group of 1 was converted into the 4-aminothiocarbonyl, the 4-(methylthio)(imino)methyl, the 4-amidino and the 4-(imino)(hydrazino)methyl group. All of these glycosides showed a significant antithrombotic activity on rats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)297-310
Number of pages14
JournalCarbohydrate Research
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 1998



  • 1,2-O-Isopropylidene-α-D-xylofuranose cyclic sulfite and sulfate derivatives
  • 5-Thio-D-xylose derivatives
  • C-Glycosides
  • Glycosidation reactions
  • Oral antithrombotic activity
  • Thioglycosides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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