An atrial natriuretic factor-(ANF) like immunoreactivity (IR-ANF), is present in the posterior hypophysis of the rat. In order to obtain more direct information on the presence and biological activity of this new posterior hypophysis peptide, we applied a procedure similar to that described for rat atria, to extract an ANF-like material from the posterior hypophysis of the rat. An analysis of the tissue extracts by reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) suggested that, in this organ, the ANF-like peptides may be present in multiple forms: a low molecular weight peptide which had a RP-HPLC pattern similar to that of the synthetic rat 28 amino acid C-terminal (Ser 99-Tyr 126) ANF, and an unidentified higher molecular weight peptide. The partially purified low molecular weight peptide was found to have a potency similar to that of synthetic rat ANF in the inhibition of adrenocorticotropin-stimulated aldosterone secretion in dispersed zona glomerulosa cells, suggesting that the ANF-like peptide was biologically active. Immunohistochemical visualization of the ANF-like peptides revealed the distribution of the peptide within the posterior hypophysis. There was no immunohistochemical staining for ANF in the intermediate lobe. These results suggest the existence of biologically active ANF-like peptides within the posterior hypophysis of the rat. It is possible that these peptides may modulate locally the posterior hypophysis hormone secretion.
- Atrial natriuretic factor
- Posterior hypophysis
- Reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience