AMS applications in nuclear astrophysics:new results for 13c(n,) 14c and 14n(n,p) 14c

A. Wallner, K. Buczak, I. Dillmann, J. Feige, F. Kppeler, G. Korschinek, C. Lederer, A. Mengoni, U. Ott, M. Paul, G. Schtzel, P. Steier, H. P. Trautvetter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The technique of accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) offers a complementary tool for studying long-lived radionuclides in nuclear astrophysics*(1) as a tool for investigating nucleosynthesis in the laboratory; and (2) via a direct search of live long-lived radionuclides in terrestrial archives as signatures of recent nearby supernova-events. A key ingredient to our understanding of nucleosynthesis is accurate cross-section data. AMS was applied for measurements of the neutron-induced cross sections 13C(n,) and 14N(n,p), both leading to the long-lived radionuclide 14C. Solid samples were irradiated at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology with neutrons closely resembling a MaxwellBoltzmann distribution for kT≤25keV, and with neutrons of energies between 123 and 178keV. After neutron activation the amount of 14C nuclides in the samples was measured by AMS at the VERA (Vienna Environmental Research Accelerator) facility. Both reactions, 13C(n,)14C and 14N(n,p)14C, act as neutron poisons in s-process nucleosynthesis. However, previous experimental data are discordant. The new data for both reactions tend to be slightly lower than previous measurements for the 25keV MaxwellBoltzmann energy distribution. For the higher neutron energies no previous data did exist for 13C(n,), but model calculations indicated a strong resonance structure between 100 and 300keV which is confirmed by our results. Very limited information is available for 14N(n,p) at these energies. Our new data at 123 and 178keV suggest lower cross sections than expected from previous experiments and data evaluations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-120
Number of pages6
JournalPublications of the Astronomical Society of Australia
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 12 2012

Keywords

  • abundances
  • miscellaneous-nuclear reactions
  • nucleosynthesis
  • techniques

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'AMS applications in nuclear astrophysics:new results for <sup>13</sup>c(n,) <sup>14</sup>c and <sup>14</sup>n(n,p) <sup>14</sup>c'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Wallner, A., Buczak, K., Dillmann, I., Feige, J., Kppeler, F., Korschinek, G., Lederer, C., Mengoni, A., Ott, U., Paul, M., Schtzel, G., Steier, P., & Trautvetter, H. P. (2012). AMS applications in nuclear astrophysics:new results for 13c(n,) 14c and 14n(n,p) 14c. Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia, 29(2), 115-120. https://doi.org/10.1071/AS11069