Motivation: We propose a general method for deriving amino acid substitution matrices from low resolution force fields. Unlike current popular methods, the approach does not rely on evolutionary arguments or alignment of sequences or structures. Instead, residues are computationally mutated and their contribution to the total energy/score is collected. The average of these values over each position within a set of proteins results in a substitution matrix. Results: Example substitution matrices have been calculated from force fields based on different philosophies and their performance compared with conventional substitution matrices. Although this can produce useful substitution matrices, the methodology highlights the virtues, deficiencies and biases of the source force fields. It also allows a rather direct comparison of sequence alignment methods with the score functions underlying protein sequence to structure threading.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistics and Probability
- Molecular Biology
- Computer Science Applications
- Computational Theory and Mathematics
- Computational Mathematics