Alternative complement pathway activation during invasive coronary procedures in acute myocardial infarction and stable angina pectoris

Zsófia Horváth, Dorottya Csuka, Katarina Vargova, Andrea Kovács, Sarolta Leé, Lilian Varga, István Préda, Emese Tóth Zsámboki, Zoltán Prohászka, Róbert Gábor Kiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)


The effect of invasive percutaneous coronary procedures on complement activation has not been elucidated. We enrolled stable angina patients with elective percutaneous coronary intervention (SA-PCI, n = 24), diagnostic coronary angiography (CA, n = 52) and 23 patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction and primary PCI (STEMI-PCI). Complement activation products (C1rC1sC1inh, C3bBbP and SC5b-9) were measured on admission, 6 and 24 h after coronary procedures. The alternative pathway product, C3bBbP significantly and reversibly increased 6 h after elective PCI (baseline: 7.81 AU/ml, 6 h: 16.09 AU/ml, 24 h: 4.27 AU/ml, p < 0.01, n = 23) and diagnostic angiography (baseline: 6.13 AU/ml, 6 h: 12.08 AU/ml, 24 h: 5.4 AU/ml, p < 0.01, n = 52). Six hour C3bBbP values correlated with post-procedural CK, creatinine level and the applied contrast material volume (r = 0.41, r = 0.4, r = 0.3, p < 0.05, respectively). In STEMI-PCI, baseline C3bBbP level was higher, compared to SA-PCI or CA patients (11.33 AU/ml vs. 7.81 AU/ml or 6.13 AU/ml, p < 0.001). Similarly, the terminal complex (SC5b-9) level was already elevated at baseline compared to SA-PCI group (3.49 AU/ml vs. 1.87 AU/ml, p = 0.011). Complement pathway products did not increase further after primary PCI. Elective coronary procedures induced transient alternative complement pathway activation, influenced by the applied contrast volume. In STEMI, the alternative complement pathway is promptly activated during the atherothrombotic event and PCI itself had no further detectable effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)138-144
Number of pages7
JournalClinica Chimica Acta
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2016


  • Alternative pathway
  • Complement system
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Percutaneous coronary intervention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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