Altered signal pathway in granulocytes from patients with hypercholesterolemia

György Paragh, Éva Kovács, Ildikó Seres, Tamás Keresztes, Zoltán Balogh, Jenõ Szabó, Farkas Teichmann, Gabriella Fóris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the present study the signal transduction of the formyl-Met-Leu-Phe receptor was studied in granulocytes obtained from control subjects and patients with elevated low density lipoprotein levels. According to our results, 10 nM formyl-Met-Leu-Phe in control cells activates phospholipase C inducing a pronounced inositol phosphate production followed by a Ca2+ signal from intracellular pools. The pertussis toxin-sensitive O2- generation and leukotriene synthesis were moderate. In contrast, in granulocytes from hypercholesterolemic patients, formyl-Met-Leu-Phe triggered an intensive pertussis toxin-insensitive oxidative burst and leukotriene synthesis. The inositol trisphosphate and Ca2+ signals were decreased significantly in granulocytes of hypercholesterolemic patients and seem to be dependent on the extracellular Ca2+ content. Furthermore, in the resting granulocytes of hypercholesterolemic patients the [Ca2+](i) and the membrane-bound protein kinase C activity were higher than in controls, the time of normalization after the low Ca2+ signal was delayed, while the membrane fluidity was decreased. Our results suggest that in these ex vivo experiments, the high level of circulating low density lipoprotein in patients can affect the membrane composition of granulocytes leading to altered signal transduction by the formyl-Met-Leu-Phe receptor, to altered Ca2+ pump-activity, and protein kinase C translocation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1728-1733
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Lipid Research
Volume40
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1999

Keywords

  • Ca signal
  • Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe
  • Granulocytes
  • Hypercholesterolemia
  • Inositol phosphates
  • Leukotrienes
  • Membrane fluidity
  • O generation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Cell Biology

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  • Cite this

    Paragh, G., Kovács, É., Seres, I., Keresztes, T., Balogh, Z., Szabó, J., Teichmann, F., & Fóris, G. (1999). Altered signal pathway in granulocytes from patients with hypercholesterolemia. Journal of Lipid Research, 40(9), 1728-1733.