Altered redox state of luminal pyridine nucleotides facilitates the sensitivity towards oxidative injury and leads to endoplasmic reticulum stress dependent autophagy in HepG2 cells

Péter Száraz, G. Bánhegyi, Angelo Benedetti

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20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Maintenance of the reduced state of luminal pyridine nucleotides in the endoplasmic reticulum - an important pro-survival factor in the cell - is ensured by the concerted action of glucose-6-phosphate transporter and hexose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase. The mechanism by which the redox imbalance leads to cell death was investigated in HepG2 cells. The chemical inhibition of the glucose-6-phosphate transporter, the silencing of hexose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and/or the glucose-6-phosphate transporter, or the oxidation of luminal NADPH by themselves did not cause a significant loss of cell viability. However, these treatments caused ER calcium store depletion. If these treatments were supplemented with the administration of a subliminal dose of the oxidizing agent menadione, endoplasmic reticulum vacuolization and a loss of viability were observed. Combined treatments resulted in the activation of ATF6 and procaspase-4, and in the induction of Grp78 and CHOP. In spite of the presence of UPR markers and proapoptotic signaling the effector caspases - caspase-3 and caspase-7 - were not active. On the other hand, an elevation of the autophagy marker LC3B was observed. Immunohistochemistry revealed a punctuated distribution of LC3B II, coinciding with the vacuolization of the endoplasmic reticulum. The results suggest that altered redox state of endoplasmic reticulum luminal pyridine nucleotides sensitizes the cell to autophagy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-166
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology
Volume42
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2010

Fingerprint

Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress
Autophagy
Hep G2 Cells
Endoplasmic Reticulum
Oxidation-Reduction
Nucleotides
Wounds and Injuries
Effector Caspases
Caspase 7
Vitamin K 3
Cell death
NADP
Oxidants
Caspase 3
Chemical activation
Cells
Calcium
Oxidation
Cell Survival
Cell Death

Keywords

  • Autophagy
  • Endoplasmic reticulum stress
  • Glucose-6-phosphate transporter
  • Hexose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase
  • NADPH
  • UPR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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abstract = "Maintenance of the reduced state of luminal pyridine nucleotides in the endoplasmic reticulum - an important pro-survival factor in the cell - is ensured by the concerted action of glucose-6-phosphate transporter and hexose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase. The mechanism by which the redox imbalance leads to cell death was investigated in HepG2 cells. The chemical inhibition of the glucose-6-phosphate transporter, the silencing of hexose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and/or the glucose-6-phosphate transporter, or the oxidation of luminal NADPH by themselves did not cause a significant loss of cell viability. However, these treatments caused ER calcium store depletion. If these treatments were supplemented with the administration of a subliminal dose of the oxidizing agent menadione, endoplasmic reticulum vacuolization and a loss of viability were observed. Combined treatments resulted in the activation of ATF6 and procaspase-4, and in the induction of Grp78 and CHOP. In spite of the presence of UPR markers and proapoptotic signaling the effector caspases - caspase-3 and caspase-7 - were not active. On the other hand, an elevation of the autophagy marker LC3B was observed. Immunohistochemistry revealed a punctuated distribution of LC3B II, coinciding with the vacuolization of the endoplasmic reticulum. The results suggest that altered redox state of endoplasmic reticulum luminal pyridine nucleotides sensitizes the cell to autophagy.",
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AU - Bánhegyi, G.

AU - Benedetti, Angelo

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N2 - Maintenance of the reduced state of luminal pyridine nucleotides in the endoplasmic reticulum - an important pro-survival factor in the cell - is ensured by the concerted action of glucose-6-phosphate transporter and hexose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase. The mechanism by which the redox imbalance leads to cell death was investigated in HepG2 cells. The chemical inhibition of the glucose-6-phosphate transporter, the silencing of hexose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and/or the glucose-6-phosphate transporter, or the oxidation of luminal NADPH by themselves did not cause a significant loss of cell viability. However, these treatments caused ER calcium store depletion. If these treatments were supplemented with the administration of a subliminal dose of the oxidizing agent menadione, endoplasmic reticulum vacuolization and a loss of viability were observed. Combined treatments resulted in the activation of ATF6 and procaspase-4, and in the induction of Grp78 and CHOP. In spite of the presence of UPR markers and proapoptotic signaling the effector caspases - caspase-3 and caspase-7 - were not active. On the other hand, an elevation of the autophagy marker LC3B was observed. Immunohistochemistry revealed a punctuated distribution of LC3B II, coinciding with the vacuolization of the endoplasmic reticulum. The results suggest that altered redox state of endoplasmic reticulum luminal pyridine nucleotides sensitizes the cell to autophagy.

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