Fischer 344 male rats were treated with N-nitrosodiethylamine, and two weeks later promotion was effected by treatment with N-2-acetylaminofluorene for 14 days. At midpoint of the promotion protocol, one group of rats was subjected to partial hepatectomy (model A); others were treated with either carbon tetrachloride (model B) or thioacetamide (model C). Alterations in the activities of marker enzymes (glucose-6-phosphatase, gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase, cytochrome P-450, N-demethylase) during hepatocarcinogenesis were followed biochemically. The highest incidences of liver foci and of hepatocellular carcinomas were observed in model A, and these showed a good correlation with long-lasting elevated gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase activity. Analysis of the marker alterations suggests that there are three stages in hepatocarcinogenesis: (1) depression resulting from the toxic action of the initiator; (2) recovery and adaptation to cellular injury; and (3) long-lasting adverse alterations in the activities of the marker enzymes after promotion. The loss of certain non-histone proteins soon after promotion was also observed. Comparative studies of the individual actions of initiators and promoters on marker enzymes indicated that both contribute to the marker changes during hepatocarcinogenesis.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||IARC scientific publications|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1 1984|
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