Alterations of contractility and sarcoplasmic reticulum function of rat heart in experimental hypo- and hyperthyroidism.

I. E. Takács, J. Szabó, K. Nosztray, A. J. Szentmiklósi, A. Cseppentö, J. Szegi

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Abstract

Myocardial contractility and Ca2+-pump function of sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) were studied on hearts of untreated, thyroidectomized and thyroxine-treated rats. In hypothyroid rats the contractile force, the maximum velocity of tension development and relaxation significantly decreased (by 73.2%, 68.2%; and 67.8%, respectively), while the time to peak tension was prolonged (by 25.9%) as compared with the control group. In hyperthyroidism opposite changes were found. Since the transport of calcium opposite changes were found. Since the transport of calcium by SR plays an important role in controlling contraction and, first of all, relaxation of muscle, function of the sarcoplasmic reticulum was also investigated under the above experimental conditions. In thyroidectomized rats the rate of Ca2+-uptake and Ca2+-activated ATPase activity of SR significantly decreased (by 31.7% and 61.0%, respectively), while Ca2+-binding remained unchanged. After thyroxine treatment both the Ca2+-uptake and binding capacity of SR were even decreased (by 25.6% and 12.9%, respectively), in spite of an increase in Ca2+-activated ATPase activity (by 67.3%). These changes in Ca2+ transport function of cardiac SR may only partially be responsible for the abnormalities in contraction and relaxation observed in hearts from hypo- and hyperthyroid rats.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-278
Number of pages8
JournalGeneral physiology and biophysics
Volume4
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 1985

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Physiology

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