Alterations in the Activity of Spinal and Thalamic Opioid Systems in a Mice Neuropathic Pain Model

Ewelina Rojewska, Agnieszka Wawrzczak-Bargiela, Edina Szucs, Sandor Benyhe, Joanna Starnowska, Joanna Mika, Ryszard Przewlocki, Barbara Przewlocka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Clinical studies have reported lower effectivity of opioid drugs in therapy of neuropathic pain. Therefore, to determine the changes in endogenous opioid systems in this pain more precisely, we have studied the changes in the pain-related behavior on days 1, 14, and 28 following a chronic constriction injury (CCI) to the sciatic nerve in mice. In parallel, we have studied the changes of -(MOP), -(DOP) and -(KOP) receptors, proenkephalin (PENK) and prodynorphin (PDYN) mRNA levels, as well as GTPγS binding of opioid receptors on the ipsi- and contralateral parts of the spinal cord and thalamus on the 14th day following CCI, as on this day the greatest manifestation of pain-related behavior was observed. On ipsilateral spinal cord, the decrease in MOP/DOP/KOP receptor and increase in PDYN/PENK mRNA expression was observed. In thalamus, MOP/DOP/KOP receptor expression decreased contralaterally. On ipsilateral side, there were no changes in PDYN/PENK or DOP/KOP receptor expression, but MOP mRNA decreased. The spinal GTPγS binding of MOP/DOP/KOP receptor ligands decreased on the ipsilateral side, yet the effect was less pronounced for DOP receptor ligands. In thalamus, a decrease was observed on the contralateral side for all opioid receptor ligands, especially for DOP ligand. A less pronounced decrease in GTPγS binding of spinal DOP ligands may indicate a weaker stimulation of ascending nociceptive pathways, which could explain the absence of decreased activity of DOP receptor ligands in neuropathy. These findings may suggest that drugs with a higher affinity for the DOP receptor will perform better in neuropathic pain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-302
Number of pages10
JournalNeuroscience
Volume390
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 15 2018

Keywords

  • chronic constriction injury
  • neuropathic pain
  • opioid peptides
  • opioid receptors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Alterations in the Activity of Spinal and Thalamic Opioid Systems in a Mice Neuropathic Pain Model'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Rojewska, E., Wawrzczak-Bargiela, A., Szucs, E., Benyhe, S., Starnowska, J., Mika, J., Przewlocki, R., & Przewlocka, B. (2018). Alterations in the Activity of Spinal and Thalamic Opioid Systems in a Mice Neuropathic Pain Model. Neuroscience, 390, 293-302. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroscience.2018.08.013