Adherens (AJ) and tight junctions (TJ), as integrated parts of the junctional complex, are multifunctional specialized regions of the cell membrane in epithelial cells. They are responsible for cell-to-cell interactions and also have great importance in cellular signaling processes including Wnt protein-mediated signals. As electromagnetic field (EMF) exposure is known to cause alterations in the function as well as supramolecular organization of different cell contacts, our goal was to investigate the effect of 50-Hz magnetic field (MF) exposures on the subcellular distribution of some representative structural proteins (occludin, beta-catenin, and cadherin) found in AJ and TJ. Additionally, cellular beta-catenin content was also quantified by Western blot analysis. 50-Hz MF exposures seemed to increase the staining intensity (amount) of occludin, cadherins, and beta-catenin in the junctional area of MDCK cells, while Western blot data indicated the quantity of beta-catenin was found significantly decreased at both time points after EM exposures. Our results demonstrate that MF are able to modify the distribution of TJ and AJ structural proteins, tending to stabilize these cell contacts. The quantitative changes of beta-catenin suggest a causative relationship between MF effects on the cell junctional complex and the Wnt signaling pathway.
|Number of pages||8|
|Volume||4 Suppl 2|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 20 2004|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Environmental Science(all)