Alteration of consciousness via diverse photo-acoustic stimulatory patterns. Phenomenology and effect on salivary flow rate, alpha-amylase and total protein levels

Anita Beck, Gábor Fábián, Pál Fejérdy, Wolf Rainer Krause, Péter Hermann, Károly Módos, Gábor Varga, Tibor Károly Fábián

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Long-term photo-acoustic stimulation is used for the induction of altered states of consciousness for both therapeutic and experimental purposes. Long-term photo-acoustic stimulation also leads to changes in the composition of saliva which have a key contribution to the efficiency of this technique in easing mucosal symptoms of oral psychosomatic patients. The aim of this study is to find out whether there is any cumulative effect of repeated stimulation and whether there are any detectable differences between diverse stimulatory patterns of long lasting photo-acoustic stimulation on the phenomenology of the appearing trance state and on salivary secretion. There was significant cumulative effect in relation with the appearance of day dreaming as phenomenological parameter, and in relation with protein output and amylase/protein ratio as salivary parameter. Pattern specific effect was detectable in relation with salivary flow rate only. Although our results clearly indicate the existence of certain cumulative and stimulation-pattern specific effects of repeated photo-acoustic stimulation, the absolute values of all these effects were relatively small in this study. Therefore, in spite of their theoretical importance there are no direct clinical consequences of these findings. However, our data do not exclude at all the possibility that repeated stimulation with other stimulatory parameters may lead to more pronounced effects. Further studies are needed to make clear conclusion in this respect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201-213
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Physiology Paris
Volume109
Issue number4-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2015

Keywords

  • Altered state of consciousness
  • Amylase
  • Hypnotherapy
  • Photo-acoustic stimulation
  • Saliva
  • Secretion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Physiology (medical)

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