Allosteric modulators affect the efficacy of partial agonists for recombinant GABA(A) receptors

G. Maksay, Sally A. Thompson, Keith A. Wafford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

1. Different α subunits of human γ-aminobutyric acid type A (GABA(A)) receptors were transiently expressed together with β 3 and γ 2 subunits in Xenopus oocytes to examine the interactions of various GABA(A) agonists and representative allosteric modulators. Chloride currents elicited by agonists were measured using two electrode voltage clamp electrophysiology. 2. Where compounds behaved as full agonists, i.e. GABA on all subtypes and 4,5,6,7-tetrahydroisoxazolo [5,4-c]pyridin-3-ol (THIP) on α 2β 3γ 2 GABA(A) receptors, agonist concentration-response curves were shifted to the left by the benzodiazepine full agonist chlordiazepoxide and the anticonvulsant loreclezole, or to the right by the inverse agonist 6,7-dimethoxy-4-ethyl-β-carboline-3-carboxylic acid methyl ester (DMCM), with no effect on the maximal currents (I(max)). 3. In contrast, maximal responses for different partial GABA(A) agonists on all benzodiazepine-sensitive α(x)β 3γ 2 GABA(A) receptors were enhanced by chlordiazepoxide. I(max) values for piperidine-4-sulphonic acid (P4S) on α 1β 3γ 2, THIP on α 3β 3γ 2, and 5-(4-piperidyl)isothiazol-3-ol (thio-4-PIOL) on α 2β 3γ 2 and α 5β 3γ 2 GABA(A) receptors were increased by chlordiazepoxide, while that for P4S on α 1β 3γ 2 receptors was decreased by DMCM. 4. The I(max) values for partial agonists were also enhanced by pentobarbitone, the neurosteroid allopregnanolone and loreclezole irrespective of receptor subtype or the nature of the partial agonist. 5. In the light of models of ligand-gated ion channel receptor activation we suggest two possible mechanisms of action for the effects of allosteric modulators on partial agonist receptor activation: either selective modulation of agonist affinity for the open/closed state, or direct modulation of the gating process itself.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1794-1800
Number of pages7
JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
Volume129
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Fingerprint

GABA-A Receptor Agonists
Chlordiazepoxide
GABA-A Receptors
Benzodiazepines
Pregnanolone
GABA Agonists
Ligand-Gated Ion Channels
Aminobutyrates
Electrophysiology
Pentobarbital
Xenopus
Anticonvulsants
Oocytes
Neurotransmitter Agents
Chlorides
Electrodes
Esters
gaboxadol
piperidine-4-sulfonic acid
loreclezole

Keywords

  • Allopregnanolone
  • Chlordiazepoxide
  • DMCM
  • Loreclezole
  • P4S
  • Partial GABA(A) agonists
  • Pentobarbitone
  • Recombinant GABA(A) receptors
  • Thio-4-PIOL
  • THIP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

Cite this

Allosteric modulators affect the efficacy of partial agonists for recombinant GABA(A) receptors. / Maksay, G.; Thompson, Sally A.; Wafford, Keith A.

In: British Journal of Pharmacology, Vol. 129, No. 8, 2000, p. 1794-1800.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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