Allanite and monazite occurrences in variscan granitoids of tisza mega-unit (South Hungary)

György Buda, G. Nagy, Elemér Pál-Molnár

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two main Variscan granitoid plutons are in the Tisza Mega-Unit of south Hungary. The older one (̃340 Ma) belongs to the magnesio-potassic, met-to peraluminous calc-alkaline monzonitic series with abundant mafic enclaves in Mórágy Subunit. In the whole intrusive body, allanite-(Ce) crystallized along with apatite and titanite as accessory minerals due to high Ca activity. The high concentration of Ca and low Al in the melts favoured the crystallization of allanite. The chondrite-normalized REE pattern of the host rock is controlled by the REE-rich allanite-(Ce). High oxidation of the unaltered allanite indicates crystallization under high oxygen fugacities from high-temperature I-type granitoid magma. Allanite crystallization was continuous over the entire magma solidification, as revealed by the abundant presence of rock-forming mineral inclusions. Volatile-rich post-magmatic hydrothermal solutions altered the allanite-(Ce) in different ways depending on the pH of solutions. Alkali-rich solutions leached Si and Al, whereas acidic fluids dissolved and transported the REE, depositing them on the rims of crystals or in nearby cracks as a form of fluorcarbonates. Some zoned crystals preserved the original magmatic REE zonation after leaching of Al and Si. The younger plutons (300-325 Ma) occur in the southeast part of the Tisza Mega-Unit in the Battonya Subunit. They consist of peraluminous, monazite-rich, high Al, low Ca, two-mica and muscovite granodiorite-granite with mafic enclaves. The muscovite-rich granitoids are S-type and belong to the monazite-type calc-alkaline granodioritic series with some metaluminous amphibole-bearing enclaves.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-68
Number of pages12
JournalCarpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences
Volume9
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

allanite
monazite
Hercynian orogeny
enclave
rare earth element
crystallization
granitoid
muscovite
pluton
magma
crystal
accessory mineral
titanite
solidification
fugacity
granodiorite
chondrite
mica
amphibole
host rock

Keywords

  • Allanite-(Ce)
  • Alteration
  • Battonya subunit
  • I-
  • Mórágy subunit
  • Monazite-(Ce)
  • REE distribution
  • S-type granitoids
  • South Hungary

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Allanite and monazite occurrences in variscan granitoids of tisza mega-unit (South Hungary). / Buda, György; Nagy, G.; Pál-Molnár, Elemér.

In: Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Vol. 9, No. 1, 2014, p. 57-68.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - Two main Variscan granitoid plutons are in the Tisza Mega-Unit of south Hungary. The older one (̃340 Ma) belongs to the magnesio-potassic, met-to peraluminous calc-alkaline monzonitic series with abundant mafic enclaves in Mórágy Subunit. In the whole intrusive body, allanite-(Ce) crystallized along with apatite and titanite as accessory minerals due to high Ca activity. The high concentration of Ca and low Al in the melts favoured the crystallization of allanite. The chondrite-normalized REE pattern of the host rock is controlled by the REE-rich allanite-(Ce). High oxidation of the unaltered allanite indicates crystallization under high oxygen fugacities from high-temperature I-type granitoid magma. Allanite crystallization was continuous over the entire magma solidification, as revealed by the abundant presence of rock-forming mineral inclusions. Volatile-rich post-magmatic hydrothermal solutions altered the allanite-(Ce) in different ways depending on the pH of solutions. Alkali-rich solutions leached Si and Al, whereas acidic fluids dissolved and transported the REE, depositing them on the rims of crystals or in nearby cracks as a form of fluorcarbonates. Some zoned crystals preserved the original magmatic REE zonation after leaching of Al and Si. The younger plutons (300-325 Ma) occur in the southeast part of the Tisza Mega-Unit in the Battonya Subunit. They consist of peraluminous, monazite-rich, high Al, low Ca, two-mica and muscovite granodiorite-granite with mafic enclaves. The muscovite-rich granitoids are S-type and belong to the monazite-type calc-alkaline granodioritic series with some metaluminous amphibole-bearing enclaves.

AB - Two main Variscan granitoid plutons are in the Tisza Mega-Unit of south Hungary. The older one (̃340 Ma) belongs to the magnesio-potassic, met-to peraluminous calc-alkaline monzonitic series with abundant mafic enclaves in Mórágy Subunit. In the whole intrusive body, allanite-(Ce) crystallized along with apatite and titanite as accessory minerals due to high Ca activity. The high concentration of Ca and low Al in the melts favoured the crystallization of allanite. The chondrite-normalized REE pattern of the host rock is controlled by the REE-rich allanite-(Ce). High oxidation of the unaltered allanite indicates crystallization under high oxygen fugacities from high-temperature I-type granitoid magma. Allanite crystallization was continuous over the entire magma solidification, as revealed by the abundant presence of rock-forming mineral inclusions. Volatile-rich post-magmatic hydrothermal solutions altered the allanite-(Ce) in different ways depending on the pH of solutions. Alkali-rich solutions leached Si and Al, whereas acidic fluids dissolved and transported the REE, depositing them on the rims of crystals or in nearby cracks as a form of fluorcarbonates. Some zoned crystals preserved the original magmatic REE zonation after leaching of Al and Si. The younger plutons (300-325 Ma) occur in the southeast part of the Tisza Mega-Unit in the Battonya Subunit. They consist of peraluminous, monazite-rich, high Al, low Ca, two-mica and muscovite granodiorite-granite with mafic enclaves. The muscovite-rich granitoids are S-type and belong to the monazite-type calc-alkaline granodioritic series with some metaluminous amphibole-bearing enclaves.

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KW - Mórágy subunit

KW - Monazite-(Ce)

KW - REE distribution

KW - S-type granitoids

KW - South Hungary

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