All-carbon multi-scale and hierarchical fibers and related structural composites: A review

József Karger-Kocsis, Haroon Mahmood, Alessandro Pegoretti

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Recent advancements in the preparation of all-carbon multi-scale fibers and their use in carbon fiber (CF)-reinforced polymer composites are reviewed. A multi-scale or hierarchical structure is the result of a combination of micro-scaled fibers and nano-scaled fillers which are in intimate contact by physical or chemical interactions. Carbonaceous nanofillers, such as carbon black, carbon nanotubes and nanofibers, graphene and its oxidized derivatives, can be deposited on CFs by different strategies. In particular, preformed nanoparticles (indirect methods) or in situ prepared nanoparticles (direct methods) can be used. Multi-scale structuring of the interlaminar region via various deposition techniques is also discussed. An overview of multi-scale fibers and multi-scale structured interlaminar layers to improve the load transfer between the matrix (namely thermoset-, thermoplastic- and carbon-based) and the reinforcing (CFs) phase is considered for this review. Moreover, their use to add new functionalities (electric conductivities, sensing, thermal conductivities) to structural composites is also reviewed. Finally, the recent efforts in modeling the mechanical behavior of the interphase and interlaminar regions of all-carbon composites with multi-scale fibers are discussed, along with some notes on future challenges.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107932
JournalComposites Science and Technology
Volume186
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 20 2020

Fingerprint

Carbon
Fibers
Composite materials
Nanoparticles
Soot
Carbon Nanotubes
Carbon nanofibers
Graphite
Thermosets
Carbon black
Graphene
Thermoplastics
Carbon fibers
Fillers
Carbon nanotubes
Thermal conductivity
Polymers
Derivatives

Keywords

  • Carbon nanotubes
  • Carbon-carbon composite
  • Graphene oxide
  • Interfacial shear strength
  • Multi-scale (multiscale) fiber

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

All-carbon multi-scale and hierarchical fibers and related structural composites : A review. / Karger-Kocsis, József; Mahmood, Haroon; Pegoretti, Alessandro.

In: Composites Science and Technology, Vol. 186, 107932, 20.01.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

@article{e36a366b51734cd2ba91a370c7726b10,
title = "All-carbon multi-scale and hierarchical fibers and related structural composites: A review",
abstract = "Recent advancements in the preparation of all-carbon multi-scale fibers and their use in carbon fiber (CF)-reinforced polymer composites are reviewed. A multi-scale or hierarchical structure is the result of a combination of micro-scaled fibers and nano-scaled fillers which are in intimate contact by physical or chemical interactions. Carbonaceous nanofillers, such as carbon black, carbon nanotubes and nanofibers, graphene and its oxidized derivatives, can be deposited on CFs by different strategies. In particular, preformed nanoparticles (indirect methods) or in situ prepared nanoparticles (direct methods) can be used. Multi-scale structuring of the interlaminar region via various deposition techniques is also discussed. An overview of multi-scale fibers and multi-scale structured interlaminar layers to improve the load transfer between the matrix (namely thermoset-, thermoplastic- and carbon-based) and the reinforcing (CFs) phase is considered for this review. Moreover, their use to add new functionalities (electric conductivities, sensing, thermal conductivities) to structural composites is also reviewed. Finally, the recent efforts in modeling the mechanical behavior of the interphase and interlaminar regions of all-carbon composites with multi-scale fibers are discussed, along with some notes on future challenges.",
keywords = "Carbon nanotubes, Carbon-carbon composite, Graphene oxide, Interfacial shear strength, Multi-scale (multiscale) fiber",
author = "J{\'o}zsef Karger-Kocsis and Haroon Mahmood and Alessandro Pegoretti",
year = "2020",
month = "1",
day = "20",
doi = "10.1016/j.compscitech.2019.107932",
language = "English",
volume = "186",
journal = "Composites Science and Technology",
issn = "0266-3538",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - All-carbon multi-scale and hierarchical fibers and related structural composites

T2 - A review

AU - Karger-Kocsis, József

AU - Mahmood, Haroon

AU - Pegoretti, Alessandro

PY - 2020/1/20

Y1 - 2020/1/20

N2 - Recent advancements in the preparation of all-carbon multi-scale fibers and their use in carbon fiber (CF)-reinforced polymer composites are reviewed. A multi-scale or hierarchical structure is the result of a combination of micro-scaled fibers and nano-scaled fillers which are in intimate contact by physical or chemical interactions. Carbonaceous nanofillers, such as carbon black, carbon nanotubes and nanofibers, graphene and its oxidized derivatives, can be deposited on CFs by different strategies. In particular, preformed nanoparticles (indirect methods) or in situ prepared nanoparticles (direct methods) can be used. Multi-scale structuring of the interlaminar region via various deposition techniques is also discussed. An overview of multi-scale fibers and multi-scale structured interlaminar layers to improve the load transfer between the matrix (namely thermoset-, thermoplastic- and carbon-based) and the reinforcing (CFs) phase is considered for this review. Moreover, their use to add new functionalities (electric conductivities, sensing, thermal conductivities) to structural composites is also reviewed. Finally, the recent efforts in modeling the mechanical behavior of the interphase and interlaminar regions of all-carbon composites with multi-scale fibers are discussed, along with some notes on future challenges.

AB - Recent advancements in the preparation of all-carbon multi-scale fibers and their use in carbon fiber (CF)-reinforced polymer composites are reviewed. A multi-scale or hierarchical structure is the result of a combination of micro-scaled fibers and nano-scaled fillers which are in intimate contact by physical or chemical interactions. Carbonaceous nanofillers, such as carbon black, carbon nanotubes and nanofibers, graphene and its oxidized derivatives, can be deposited on CFs by different strategies. In particular, preformed nanoparticles (indirect methods) or in situ prepared nanoparticles (direct methods) can be used. Multi-scale structuring of the interlaminar region via various deposition techniques is also discussed. An overview of multi-scale fibers and multi-scale structured interlaminar layers to improve the load transfer between the matrix (namely thermoset-, thermoplastic- and carbon-based) and the reinforcing (CFs) phase is considered for this review. Moreover, their use to add new functionalities (electric conductivities, sensing, thermal conductivities) to structural composites is also reviewed. Finally, the recent efforts in modeling the mechanical behavior of the interphase and interlaminar regions of all-carbon composites with multi-scale fibers are discussed, along with some notes on future challenges.

KW - Carbon nanotubes

KW - Carbon-carbon composite

KW - Graphene oxide

KW - Interfacial shear strength

KW - Multi-scale (multiscale) fiber

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85075854369&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85075854369&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.compscitech.2019.107932

DO - 10.1016/j.compscitech.2019.107932

M3 - Review article

AN - SCOPUS:85075854369

VL - 186

JO - Composites Science and Technology

JF - Composites Science and Technology

SN - 0266-3538

M1 - 107932

ER -