We studied repeatedly the development of bronchial hyperreactivity (BHR) and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) in rats undergoing different modes of ovalbumin exposures. Treatment was two intraperitoneal injections of ovalbumin in Groups 1-3, followed by one ovalbumin aerosolization in Groups 2 and 3, while rats in Group 4 received repeated ovalbumin aerosols after one single intraperitoneal injection. BHR was assessed longitudinally on day 0 (before treatment) and on day 14 (Groups 1 and 2) or 20 (Groups 3 and 4) and cellular influx was estimated from BALF. No BHR or change in BALF cellular profile was detected in Groups 1-3. However, the infiltration of inflammatory cells, associated with BHR (PC100 8.9 ± 1.3 μg/kg vs. 4.2 ± 1.1 μg/kg), was observed in Group 4. The BHR was always associated with increased number of eosinophils in the BALF. The substantial interindividual variability confirmed the need for a technique that permits follow-up of lung responsiveness and BALF profile. This approach evidenced strong associations between the severity of BHR and the eosinophilia.
- Bronchial hyperreactivity
- Forced oscillations
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine