Aging cellular networks: Chaperones as major participants

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We increasingly rely on the network approach to understand the complexity of cellular functions. Chaperones (heat shock proteins) are key "networkers", which sequester and repair damaged proteins. In order to link the network approach and chaperones with the aging process, we first summarize the properties of aging networks suggesting a "weak link theory of aging". This theory suggests that age-related random damage primarily affects the overwhelming majority of the low affinity, transient interactions (weak links) in cellular networks leading to increased noise, destabilization and diversity. These processes may be further amplified by age-specific network remodelling and by the sequestration of weakly linked cellular proteins to protein aggregates of aging cells. Chaperones are weakly linked hubs (i.e., network elements with a large number of connections) and inter-modular bridge elements of protein-protein interaction, signalling and mitochondrial networks. As aging proceeds, the increased overload of damaged proteins is an especially important element contributing to cellular disintegration and destabilization. Additionally, chaperone overload may contribute to the increase of "noise" in aging cells, which leads to an increased stochastic resonance resulting in a deficient discrimination between signals and noise. Chaperone- and other multi-target therapies, which restore the missing weak links in aging cellular networks, may emerge as important anti-aging interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-119
Number of pages7
JournalExperimental gerontology
Volume42
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2007

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Keywords

  • Chaperone overload
  • Gene transcription regulatory networks
  • Heat shock proteins
  • Molecular chaperones
  • Networks
  • Protein-protein interaction networks
  • Signaling networks
  • Stochastic resonance
  • Stress proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Ageing
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Endocrinology
  • Cell Biology

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