Ageing and thermal stability studies on quasi-solid composite electrolytes for Grätzel-type solar cells: Part 1. Application of thermogravimetry and coupled methods of evolved gas analysis (TG/DTA-MS and TG-FTIR)

János Madarász, Viola Nagygyörgy, Elias Stathatos, György Pokol

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)


Loss of volatile components from two types of quasi-solid gel electrolytes to be used in Grätzel (or dye-sensitized, DSSC)-type alternative solar cells are checked time to time by thermogravimetry (TG) to follow the stability or changes of composites during storage at ambient. One of the gel samples, labeled as P2000 and based on UreaSil 2000, a 3D-cage precursor compound, has been found quite stable, while the related P230 sample based on UreaSil 230 seems to have a bit higher deviation in heterogeneity and some tendencies losing gradually from its volatile content, time to time. In addition, two online coupled evolved gas analytical tools (TG-EGA-FTIR and TG/DTA-EGA-MS) are applied to check the gel electrolytes for thermal vaporization, degradation, and decomposition processes as a function of temperature during dynamic heating in air. Initial minor elimination of ethyl acetate has been detected by both in situ coupled mass spectroscopy and FTIR spectroscopic gas cell. According to both evolved gas analytical systems, the other liquid ingredients, acetic acid (AcOH) and sulfolane are also released in the order of their volatility. Above 300 C, an oxidative thermal degradation of UreaSil-type host matrices is indicated by the occurrence of, among others, formaldehyde or ammonia for electrolyte samples P2000 and P230, respectively. Evolution of various alkyl iodides with short chain length has only been detected by the mass spectroscopic evolved gas analysis method only.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1055-1062
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2013



  • Dye-sensitized solar cells
  • Evolved gas analyses
  • Hybrid materials
  • Quasi-solid state electrolytes
  • TG-EGA-FTIR gas cell
  • Thermogravimetry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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