Age-related decreases in the thyrotropin (TSH) responsiveness to thyrotropin-releasing-hormone (TRH) stimulation and to the inhibitory effect of triiodothyronine (T3); in vitro study on superfused rat pituitaries

I. Szabolcs, H. Schultheiss, H. Astier, F. A. Horster

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of age on the thyrotropic function was investigated in vitro by superfusing pituitary fragments obtained from 2-3-month- and 24-month-old male Wistar rats with medium 199 (GIBCO) and by measuring basal TSH secretion and TSH response to a 6-min pulse of TRH (10 nM) : a/ in the absence and b/ in the presence of T3 (100 nM). TSH was measured by RIA in 3-min fractions with rat TSH materials from the NIADDK. The TRH-induced TSH release elicited by pituitary fragments from the old rats was decreased in comparison to that found in young animals. Addition of T3 to the superfusion medium did not alter basal TSH release but significantly decreased the TSH secretory response to TRH in the young rats. This response was not modified in the old animals. Our results suggest that aging induces not only a TSH hyporesponsiveness to TRH stimulation but also a decrease of this responsiveness to the inhibitory effect of T3 which could be related to a decreased TSH synthesis and to an age-related impairment of T3 action on the thyrotrophs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)347-355
Number of pages9
JournalExperimental Gerontology
Volume26
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1991

Fingerprint

Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone
Triiodothyronine
Thyrotropin
Rats
Animals
Thyrotrophs
Wistar Rats
Aging of materials
In Vitro Techniques

Keywords

  • inhibition of TSH by T
  • old age
  • rat
  • superfused pituitary fragments
  • TSH-induced TSH release

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ageing
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "Age-related decreases in the thyrotropin (TSH) responsiveness to thyrotropin-releasing-hormone (TRH) stimulation and to the inhibitory effect of triiodothyronine (T3); in vitro study on superfused rat pituitaries",
abstract = "The effect of age on the thyrotropic function was investigated in vitro by superfusing pituitary fragments obtained from 2-3-month- and 24-month-old male Wistar rats with medium 199 (GIBCO) and by measuring basal TSH secretion and TSH response to a 6-min pulse of TRH (10 nM) : a/ in the absence and b/ in the presence of T3 (100 nM). TSH was measured by RIA in 3-min fractions with rat TSH materials from the NIADDK. The TRH-induced TSH release elicited by pituitary fragments from the old rats was decreased in comparison to that found in young animals. Addition of T3 to the superfusion medium did not alter basal TSH release but significantly decreased the TSH secretory response to TRH in the young rats. This response was not modified in the old animals. Our results suggest that aging induces not only a TSH hyporesponsiveness to TRH stimulation but also a decrease of this responsiveness to the inhibitory effect of T3 which could be related to a decreased TSH synthesis and to an age-related impairment of T3 action on the thyrotrophs.",
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T1 - Age-related decreases in the thyrotropin (TSH) responsiveness to thyrotropin-releasing-hormone (TRH) stimulation and to the inhibitory effect of triiodothyronine (T3); in vitro study on superfused rat pituitaries

AU - Szabolcs, I.

AU - Schultheiss, H.

AU - Astier, H.

AU - Horster, F. A.

PY - 1991

Y1 - 1991

N2 - The effect of age on the thyrotropic function was investigated in vitro by superfusing pituitary fragments obtained from 2-3-month- and 24-month-old male Wistar rats with medium 199 (GIBCO) and by measuring basal TSH secretion and TSH response to a 6-min pulse of TRH (10 nM) : a/ in the absence and b/ in the presence of T3 (100 nM). TSH was measured by RIA in 3-min fractions with rat TSH materials from the NIADDK. The TRH-induced TSH release elicited by pituitary fragments from the old rats was decreased in comparison to that found in young animals. Addition of T3 to the superfusion medium did not alter basal TSH release but significantly decreased the TSH secretory response to TRH in the young rats. This response was not modified in the old animals. Our results suggest that aging induces not only a TSH hyporesponsiveness to TRH stimulation but also a decrease of this responsiveness to the inhibitory effect of T3 which could be related to a decreased TSH synthesis and to an age-related impairment of T3 action on the thyrotrophs.

AB - The effect of age on the thyrotropic function was investigated in vitro by superfusing pituitary fragments obtained from 2-3-month- and 24-month-old male Wistar rats with medium 199 (GIBCO) and by measuring basal TSH secretion and TSH response to a 6-min pulse of TRH (10 nM) : a/ in the absence and b/ in the presence of T3 (100 nM). TSH was measured by RIA in 3-min fractions with rat TSH materials from the NIADDK. The TRH-induced TSH release elicited by pituitary fragments from the old rats was decreased in comparison to that found in young animals. Addition of T3 to the superfusion medium did not alter basal TSH release but significantly decreased the TSH secretory response to TRH in the young rats. This response was not modified in the old animals. Our results suggest that aging induces not only a TSH hyporesponsiveness to TRH stimulation but also a decrease of this responsiveness to the inhibitory effect of T3 which could be related to a decreased TSH synthesis and to an age-related impairment of T3 action on the thyrotrophs.

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