Age-dependent features of EEG-reactivity-Spectral, complexity, and network characteristics

Zsófia Anna Gaál, Roland Boha, Cornelis J. Stam, Márk Molnár

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Our goal was to measure indices characterizing EEG-reactivity in young and elderly subjects. It was hypothesized that EEG-reactivity as reflected by different measures would be lower in the elderly. In two age groups (young: N=23, mean age. =21.5 ± 2.2 years; old: N=25, mean age. =66.9 ± 3.6 years) absolute frequency spectra, Omega-complexity, synchronization likelihood and network properties (clustering coefficient and characteristic path length) of the EEG were analyzed in the delta, theta, alpha1, alpha2, beta1 and beta2 frequency bands occurring as a result of eyes opening. Absolute spectral power was higher in the young in the delta, alpha1 and alpha2 bands in the posterior area. The alpha1 peak frequency decreased following eyes opening in the young, while no change was observed in the elderly. Omega-complexity was higher in the elderly especially in the frontal area and increased following eyes opening. Values of the clustering coefficient, path length and that of the " small-world index" decreased as a result of eyes opening, the latter in the fast frequency range. The results suggest reduced reactivity in the elderly as shown by frequency spectra and decreased level of integrative activity particularly in the frontal area probably as a result of reduced interneuronal processing capacity. Indices of network characteristics reveal a shift towards more random topology especially in the beta frequencies caused by eyes opening.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-84
Number of pages6
JournalNeuroscience Letters
Volume479
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2010

Keywords

  • Aging
  • EEG
  • Omega-complexity
  • Small-world network
  • Spectrum
  • Synchronization likelihood

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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