AFM and STM investigation of carbon nanotubes produced by high energy ion irradiation of graphite

L. Bíró, G. Márk, J. Gyulai, K. Havancsák, S. Lipp, Ch Lehrer, L. Frey, H. Ryssel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Carbon nanotubes (CNT) were produced by high energy, heavy ion irradiation (215 MeV Ne, 246 MeV Kr, 156 MeV Xe) of graphite. On samples irradiated with Kr and Xe ions large craters were found by atomic force microscopy, these are attributed to sputtering. Frequently one or several CNTs emerge from the craters. Some of the observed CNTs showed a regular vibration pattern. No other carbon based materials, like amorphous carbon or fullerenes were evidenced. Focused ion beam cuts were used to compare CNTs with surface folds on graphite.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)142-147
Number of pages6
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Volume147
Issue number1-4
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1999

Fingerprint

Carbon Nanotubes
Graphite
Ion bombardment
ion irradiation
Heavy ions
Carbon nanotubes
graphite
carbon nanotubes
atomic force microscopy
Fullerenes
Heavy Ions
Focused ion beams
Amorphous carbon
craters
Sputtering
Atomic force microscopy
Carbon
energy
carbon
amorphous materials

Keywords

  • Atomic force microscopy
  • Carbon nanotubes
  • Focused ion beam
  • Ion irradiation
  • Scanning tunneling microscopy
  • Vibrating carbon nanotube

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Instrumentation
  • Surfaces and Interfaces

Cite this

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abstract = "Carbon nanotubes (CNT) were produced by high energy, heavy ion irradiation (215 MeV Ne, 246 MeV Kr, 156 MeV Xe) of graphite. On samples irradiated with Kr and Xe ions large craters were found by atomic force microscopy, these are attributed to sputtering. Frequently one or several CNTs emerge from the craters. Some of the observed CNTs showed a regular vibration pattern. No other carbon based materials, like amorphous carbon or fullerenes were evidenced. Focused ion beam cuts were used to compare CNTs with surface folds on graphite.",
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T1 - AFM and STM investigation of carbon nanotubes produced by high energy ion irradiation of graphite

AU - Bíró, L.

AU - Márk, G.

AU - Gyulai, J.

AU - Havancsák, K.

AU - Lipp, S.

AU - Lehrer, Ch

AU - Frey, L.

AU - Ryssel, H.

PY - 1999/1/1

Y1 - 1999/1/1

N2 - Carbon nanotubes (CNT) were produced by high energy, heavy ion irradiation (215 MeV Ne, 246 MeV Kr, 156 MeV Xe) of graphite. On samples irradiated with Kr and Xe ions large craters were found by atomic force microscopy, these are attributed to sputtering. Frequently one or several CNTs emerge from the craters. Some of the observed CNTs showed a regular vibration pattern. No other carbon based materials, like amorphous carbon or fullerenes were evidenced. Focused ion beam cuts were used to compare CNTs with surface folds on graphite.

AB - Carbon nanotubes (CNT) were produced by high energy, heavy ion irradiation (215 MeV Ne, 246 MeV Kr, 156 MeV Xe) of graphite. On samples irradiated with Kr and Xe ions large craters were found by atomic force microscopy, these are attributed to sputtering. Frequently one or several CNTs emerge from the craters. Some of the observed CNTs showed a regular vibration pattern. No other carbon based materials, like amorphous carbon or fullerenes were evidenced. Focused ion beam cuts were used to compare CNTs with surface folds on graphite.

KW - Atomic force microscopy

KW - Carbon nanotubes

KW - Focused ion beam

KW - Ion irradiation

KW - Scanning tunneling microscopy

KW - Vibrating carbon nanotube

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