Afforestation of dolomite grasslands with nonnative pinus nigra in hungary and its effect on soil trace elements

P. Csontos, A. Halbritter, J. Tamás, T. Szili-Kovács, T. Kalapos, N. Uzinger, A. Anton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The non-native Pinus nigra has been widely planted on natural dolomite grasslands in Hungary, yet little is known on its influence on soil properties. We compared soil micro-element concentrations in rock grassland (RG) and under P. nigra plantation (PP), both grown on north facing slopes of dolomite bedrock. At PP sites, the original vegetation was RG prior to afforestation. For both vegetation types, five sampling sites were selected, and at each site soil samples were taken from three depths (0-5, 5-10 and 10-15 cm). Micro-element concentrations of corresponding soil layers in the two vegetation types were compared. Under the pine plantation, the concentration of a number of soil trace elements was altered compared to the original rock grassland soil, and this effect increased with soil depth. At the deepest layer, significant differences were found for 10 microelements (Al, Fe, Mn, Ba, Cd, Co, Ni, Pb, Sr, Zn), and in each case the concentration was higher in PP than in RG soil. In contrast, the concentration of Cr, Cu, Hg, Mo and Se was not different between the two habitats throughout the soil layers sampled. Values exceeding the Hungarian environmental limits of background concentrations were detected for lead and cadmium. In the RG soil, concentrations of Pb and Cd were highest in the topmost layer, while for the PP sites these elements showed concentrations higher in the 10-15 cm layer than in the 5-10 cm depth. Concentrations of some other micro-elements showed similar inversion at PP sites. The depth inversion of these, often airborne pollutant trace elements was explained as a consequence of afforestation with P. nigra and such phytostabilization effect of the pine stands is assumed to increase with stand age.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)405-415
Number of pages11
JournalApplied Ecology and Environmental Research
Volume10
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Fingerprint

Pinus nigra
dolomite
afforestation
Hungary
trace elements
plantation
grasslands
grassland
trace element
plantations
grassland soil
rocks
grassland soils
soil
rock
vegetation type
vegetation types
Pinus
soil depth
bedrock

Keywords

  • Dolomite
  • Heavy metals
  • Pinus nigra
  • Rock grassland
  • Soil pollution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Cite this

Afforestation of dolomite grasslands with nonnative pinus nigra in hungary and its effect on soil trace elements. / Csontos, P.; Halbritter, A.; Tamás, J.; Szili-Kovács, T.; Kalapos, T.; Uzinger, N.; Anton, A.

In: Applied Ecology and Environmental Research, Vol. 10, No. 4, 2012, p. 405-415.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Csontos, P. ; Halbritter, A. ; Tamás, J. ; Szili-Kovács, T. ; Kalapos, T. ; Uzinger, N. ; Anton, A. / Afforestation of dolomite grasslands with nonnative pinus nigra in hungary and its effect on soil trace elements. In: Applied Ecology and Environmental Research. 2012 ; Vol. 10, No. 4. pp. 405-415.
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