The authors provide an overview of the definition and aetiopathogenesis of fetal hypoxia and asphyxia, including possible forms of postasphyxial damages of mature fetuses, as well as the neurological consequences of cerebral palsy. Among from the screening methods of fetal hypoxia they declare the special importance of color-Doppler and pulse-Doppler technique (flowmetry), cardiotocography (CTG), non-sress test and biophysical profile examinations, amnioscopy and fetal pulsoxymetry. In the prevention of fetal asphyxia they emphasise the significance of preconceptional and prenatal care, pathological conditions of the fetus and the umbilical cord, as well as the influence of factors during labor and delivery. They report the practice of making a fetal scalp pH examination in cases of pathological CTG findings. or performing a prophylactic cesarean section whenever this procedure is not available. Based on the recent literary data authors emphasize that birth asphyxia is responsible for only 10% of cerebral palsy. The effect of antenatal risk factors in many cases can not be prevented. Among antenatal risk factors authors deal with some maternal diseases, maternal and fetal infections, prematurity and multiple pregnancies.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Magyar Noorvosok Lapja|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 7 2006|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Reproductive Medicine
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology