Atherosclerosis is a systemic disease affecting the coronary, carotid, intracerebral, renal and peripherial arteries. The early morphological and functional impairments could be detected in the second or third decades of life and their progression depend on the number and severity of risk factors and individual susceptility. Although the vascular risk factors (smoking, overweight, age, unhealthy diet, lack of physical exercise, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease and dyslipidemia) are the same and common in the different vascular diseases, the present clinical routine artificially classifies the diagnosis and therapy of different vascular diseases into different subfields of medicine with the negative impact of possible polypragmasia. Recently, worldwide health surveys (e.g. REACH registry) have proven the usefulness of a holistic approach in the diagnosis and therapy of multiorgan-affected vascular patients. This review summarizes the multidisciplinary advances and future perspective of vascular diseases.
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