Adsorption of fission products on stainless steel and zirconium

Réka Répánszki, Zsolt Kerner, Gabor Nagy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Contamination of the structural materials of nuclear reactors is a crucial question in view of radiation protection, especially, if due to some leakage, uranium and its fission products appear in the cooling water. Since it is rather difficult to obtain in situ experimental data on the actual amount of adsorbed radioactive species, the surface contamination may be quantified by measuring bulk activity concentrations of the cooling water and by calculating the amount of adsorbed material on the surfaces by using a partition coefficient. To do this, the knowledge of an appropriate adsorption isotherm is needed. Thus, our paper presents results, based on electrochemical measurements, about the extent and effect of the adsorption of certain fission products-caesium and iodide-in their ionic forms on the surface of some alloys used in the nuclear industry. Our findings allow the conclusion that the adsorption of these ions can be described by a Langmuir-type isotherm, where the saturation values correspond to surface monolayers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201-207
Number of pages7
JournalAdsorption
Volume13
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2007

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Keywords

  • Electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance
  • Fission products

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces

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