Fenol és 2,3,4-triklór-fenol vizes oldatának adszorpciója polimer alapú aktív szénen

Translated title of the contribution: Adsorption from aqueous phenol and 2,3,4-trichlorophenol solutions on polymer based activated carbon

Szucs András, K. László

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The adsorption from the aqueous solution of environmentally relevant phenol and 2,3,4-trichlorophenol was studied on activated carbon prepared from polyethyleneterephthalate (burn-off 50 %). Buffered (pH=3 and 11) and nonbuffered solutions were applied. The adsorption was governed by the surface chemistry of the carbon, as it has a relatively high oxygen content. The adsorption mechanism was found to depend both on the pKa of the phenols and the pH of the solution, as the latter influences the surface chemistry of the carbon as well. In the case of the phenol, the solute and the solvent molecules compete for the surface sites, as the dispersion forces arising between the π electrons in phenol and π electrons in carbon as well as the electron-donor - acceptor interactions between the basic surface oxygen groups and the aromatic ring are weak. The halogen substitution in the trichlorophenol significantly increases the strength of these interactions. The competitive adsorption of water takes place only at high pH, where the adsorption of the trichlorophenol is hindered by electrostatic repulsion. In non-buffered medium the trichlorophenol is adsorbed by a specific interaction, as it can be concluded from the enormously high value of the adsorption equilibrium constant.

Original languageHungarian
JournalMagyar Kemiai Folyoirat, Kemiai Kozlemenyek
Volume107
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2001

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Phenol
Activated carbon
Polymers
Adsorption
Carbon
Surface chemistry
Electrons
Oxygen
Halogens
Phenols
Equilibrium constants
2,3,4-trichlorophenol
Electrostatics
Substitution reactions
Molecules
Water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Fenol és 2,3,4-triklór-fenol vizes oldatának adszorpciója polimer alapú aktív szénen. / András, Szucs; László, K.

In: Magyar Kemiai Folyoirat, Kemiai Kozlemenyek, Vol. 107, No. 3, 03.2001.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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