Adsorption and reduction of NO on tin(IV) oxide doped with chromium(III) oxide

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Abstract

Rates for NO chemisorption were measured on SnO2 containing small amounts of Cr2O3. Evaluation of the NO chemisorption rate was done by the Elovich equation. Very large increases in the rate and amount of adsorbed NO were obtained by adding 1% Cr2O3 to SnO2. It was found that preadsorbed NO promotes the adsorption of CO. Analyses of the gas-phase during the adsorption and thermal desorption measurements indicated that the extent of the dissociative adsorption of NO was greatly enhanced by adding Cr2O3 to SnO2. The catalytic reduction of NO with CO on pure SnO2 proceeded with reproducible rates and complete conversion only above 360 °C. Catalytic reaction was detected below 200 °C as well. The conversion of NO, however, was much less and the surface very soon became poisoned by CO. A marked increase in the efficiency of the catalyst was experienced when a small amount of Cr2O3 was incorporated into the SnO2. The reduction of NO with CO occurred with a complete conversion and well-measurable rates at 150-220 °C. CO exerted no poisoning effect at all. The high activity of SnO2 containing Cr2O3 is attributed to the chromium ions located in the surface layer of SnO2, which can easily be oxidized by NO and rapidly reduced by CO. A possible mechanism of the catalytic reduction of NO is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-51
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Catalysis
Volume54
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1978

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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