Background and aims Some crucial associations between obesity-related altered adipokine levels and the main factors of atherosclerotic, atherothrombotic processes are not fully known. We analysed the relationships of classic adipokines, namely leptin, resistin, adiponectin, tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin 6 (IL-6) with the markers of platelet activation, including mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet surface/soluble P-selectin, platelet-derived microparticles (PMPs), the parameters of coagulation abnormalities and common carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) in obese patients with or without atherosclerotic comorbidities in comparison to age- and sex-matched controls. Methods and results We enrolled 154 obese individuals, including 98 suffering from atherosclerotic concomitant conditions, 56 free of atherosclerotic comorbidities and 62 healthy controls. Plasma levels of leptin, resistin, adiponectin, TNF-α, IL-6, soluble P-selectin, and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 antigen (PAI-1 ag) were analysed by ELISA. Platelet surface P-selectin and PMPs were measured by flow cytometry. IMT was detected by ultrasonography. Adipokines were closely associated with markers of platelet hyperactivity, hypercoagulability, hypofibrinolysis and IMT. Significant independent associations were found between leptin and platelet count (p < 0.0001), MPV (p = 0.019), PMPs (p < 0.0001), fibrinogen (p = 0.001), factor VIII (FVIII) activity (p = 0.035); adiponectin and PAI-1 ag (p = 0.035); resistin and soluble P-selectin (p = 0.002); TNF-α and PAI-1 ag (p < 0.0001); and IL-6 and fibrinogen (p = 0.011). Finally, leptin (p = 0.0005), adiponectin (p = 0.019), IL-6 (p = 0.001), MPV (p = 0.0003), PMP (p = 0.008), and FVIII activity (p = 0.043) were independent predictors of IMT. Conclusion Overall, we suggest that in obese subjects altered adipokine levels play a key role in common carotid atherosclerosis both directly and through haemostatic parameters.
- Common carotid intima-media thickness
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Nutrition and Dietetics
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine