Addressing schemes of self-monitoring of blood glucose in type 2 diabetes: A European perspective and expert recommendation

Oliver Schnell, Hasan Alawi, Tadej Battelino, Antonio Ceriello, Peter Diem, Anne Felton, Wladyslaw Grzeszczak, Kari Harno, Peter Kempler, Ilhan Satman, Bruno Vergès

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

38 Citations (Scopus)


Self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) in type 2 diabetes has increasingly been shown to display beneficial effects on glycemic control. SMBG is not only associated with a reduction of hemoglobin A1c but has also been demonstrated to increase patients' awareness of the disease. SMBG has also the potential to visualize and predict hypoglycemic episodes. International guidelines by the International Diabetes Federation, the European Society of Cardiology, and the European Association for the Study of Diabetes and also the International Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Diabetes emphasize that SMBG is an integral part of self-management. More recently, two European consensus documents have been published to give recommendations for frequency and timing of SMBG also for various clinical scenarios. Recently, a European expert panel was held to further facilitate and enhance standardized approaches to SMBG. The aim was to present simple, clinically meaningful, and standardized SMBG strategies for type 2 diabetes. The panel recommended a less intensive and an intensive scheme for SMBG across the type 2 diabetes continuum. The length and frequency of SMBG performance depend on the clinical circumstances and the quality of glycemic control. The expert panel also recommended further evaluation of various schemes for SMBG in type 2 diabetes in clinical studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)959-965
Number of pages7
JournalDiabetes Technology and Therapeutics
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2011


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Medical Laboratory Technology

Cite this

Schnell, O., Alawi, H., Battelino, T., Ceriello, A., Diem, P., Felton, A., Grzeszczak, W., Harno, K., Kempler, P., Satman, I., & Vergès, B. (2011). Addressing schemes of self-monitoring of blood glucose in type 2 diabetes: A European perspective and expert recommendation. Diabetes Technology and Therapeutics, 13(9), 959-965.