Adaptive local refinement of the electron density, one-particle density matrices, and electron orbitals by hierarchical wavelet decomposition

János Pipek, Szilvia Nagy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)


The common experience that the distribution and interaction of electrons widely vary by scanning over various parts of a molecule is incorporated in the atomic-orbital expansion of wave functions. The application of Gaussian-type atomic orbitals suffers from the poor representation of nuclear cusps, as well as asymptotic regions, whereas Slater-type orbitals lead to unmanageable computational difficulties. In this contribution we show that using the toolkit of wavelet analysis it is possible to find an expansion of the electron density and density operators which is sufficiently precise, but at the same time avoids unnecessary complications at smooth and slightly detailed parts of the system. The basic idea of wavelet analysis is a coarse description of the system on a rough grid and a consecutive application of refinement steps by introducing new basis functions on a finer grid. This step could highly increase the number of required basis functions, however, in this work we apply an adaptive refinement only in those regions of the molecule, where the details of the electron structure require it. A molecule is split into three regions with different detail characteristics. The neighborhood of a nuclear cusp is extremely well represented by a moderately fine wavelet expansion; the domains of the chemical bonds are reproduced at an even coarser resolution level, whereas the asymptotic tails of the electron structure are surprisingly precise already at a grid distance of 0.5 a.u. The strict localization property of wavelet functions leads to an especially simple calculation of the electron integrals.

Original languageEnglish
Article number144107
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - Oct 8 2005


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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