Acute manipulation of Golgi phosphoinositides to assess their importance in cellular trafficking and signaling

Zsofia Szentpetery, Peter Várnai, Tamas Balla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

102 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Phosphoinositides are essential lipid regulators of trafficking and signaling pathways of all eukaryotic cells. Phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PtdIns4P) is an intermediate in the synthesis of several important phosphoinositide species but also serves as a regulatory molecule in its own right. Phosphatidylinositol 4-kinases are most abundant in the Golgi but are also found in the plasma membrane and in endocytic compartments. To investigate the role of Golgi PtdIns4P in orchestrating trafficking events, we used a unique drug-inducible molecular approach to rapidly deplete PtdIns4P from Golgi membranes by a recruitable Sac1 phosphatase enzyme. The utility of the system was shown by the rapid loss of Golgi localization of PH domains known to bind PtdIns4P after Sac1 recruitment to the Golgi. Acute PtdIns4P depletion prevented the exit of cargo from the Golgi destined to both the plasma membrane and the late endosomes and led to the loss of some but not all clathrin adaptors from the Golgi membrane. Rapid PtdIns4P depletion in the Golgi also impaired but did not eliminate the replenishment of the plasma membrane PtdIns(4,5)P2 during phospholipase C activation revealing a hitherto unrecognized contribution of Golgi PtdIns4P to this process. This unique approach will allow further studies on the role of phosphoinositides in endocytic compartments that have evaded detection using the conventional long-term manipulations of inositide kinase and phosphatase activities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8225-8230
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume107
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 4 2010

Keywords

  • Green fluorescent protein
  • PI 4-kinase
  • Phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate
  • Sac1 phosphatase
  • Vesicular trafficking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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