Acute effects of whole-body vibration on running gait in marathon runners

Johnny Padulo, Davide Filingeri, Karim Chamari, Gian Mario Migliaccio, Giuseppe Calcagno, Gerardo Bosco, Giuseppe Annino, J. Tihanyi, Fabio Pizzolato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a single bout of whole-body vibration (WBV) on running gait. The running kinematic of sixteen male marathon runners was assessed on a treadmill at iso-efficiency speed after 10 min of WBV and SHAM (i.e. no WBV) conditions. A high-speed camera (210 Hz) was used for the video analysis and heart rate (HR) was also monitored. The following parameters were investigated: step length (SL), flight time (FT), step frequency (SF), contact time (CT), HR and the internal work (WINT). Full-within one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) of the randomised crossover design indicated that when compared to SHAM conditions, WBV decreased the SL and the FT by ~4% (P <0.0001) and ~7.2% (P <0.001), respectively, and increased the SF ~4% (P <0.0001) while the CT was not changed. This effect occurred during the first minute of running: the SL decreased ~3.5% (P <0.001) and SF increased ~3.3% (P <0.001). During the second minute the SL decreased ~1.2% (P = 0.017) and the SF increased ~1.1% (P = 0.02). From the third minute onwards, there was a return to the pre-vibration condition. The WINT was increased by ~4% (P <0.0001) during the WBV condition. Ten minutes of WBV produced a significant alteration of the running kinematics during the first minutes post exposure. These results provide insights on the effects of WBV on the central components controlling muscle function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1120-1126
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
Volume32
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Vibration
Gait
Biomechanical Phenomena
Heart Rate
Cross-Over Studies
Analysis of Variance
Muscles

Keywords

  • heart rate
  • internal work
  • iso-efficiency speed
  • kinematic analysis
  • motor control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Padulo, J., Filingeri, D., Chamari, K., Migliaccio, G. M., Calcagno, G., Bosco, G., ... Pizzolato, F. (2014). Acute effects of whole-body vibration on running gait in marathon runners. Journal of Sports Sciences, 32(12), 1120-1126. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2014.889840

Acute effects of whole-body vibration on running gait in marathon runners. / Padulo, Johnny; Filingeri, Davide; Chamari, Karim; Migliaccio, Gian Mario; Calcagno, Giuseppe; Bosco, Gerardo; Annino, Giuseppe; Tihanyi, J.; Pizzolato, Fabio.

In: Journal of Sports Sciences, Vol. 32, No. 12, 2014, p. 1120-1126.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Padulo, J, Filingeri, D, Chamari, K, Migliaccio, GM, Calcagno, G, Bosco, G, Annino, G, Tihanyi, J & Pizzolato, F 2014, 'Acute effects of whole-body vibration on running gait in marathon runners', Journal of Sports Sciences, vol. 32, no. 12, pp. 1120-1126. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2014.889840
Padulo J, Filingeri D, Chamari K, Migliaccio GM, Calcagno G, Bosco G et al. Acute effects of whole-body vibration on running gait in marathon runners. Journal of Sports Sciences. 2014;32(12):1120-1126. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2014.889840
Padulo, Johnny ; Filingeri, Davide ; Chamari, Karim ; Migliaccio, Gian Mario ; Calcagno, Giuseppe ; Bosco, Gerardo ; Annino, Giuseppe ; Tihanyi, J. ; Pizzolato, Fabio. / Acute effects of whole-body vibration on running gait in marathon runners. In: Journal of Sports Sciences. 2014 ; Vol. 32, No. 12. pp. 1120-1126.
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