Acute and chronic surgical vagotomy (SV) and gastric mucosal vascular permeability in ethanol treated rats.

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Abstract

The role of vagus nerve was studied in the development of gastric mucosal damage induced by ethanol (ETOH). The investigations were carried out on Sprague-Dawley rats. The gastric mucosal damage was produced by i.g. administration of 1 ml 96% ETOH. Acute surgical vagotomy (ASV) was carried out 30 min, chronic surgical vagotomy (CSV) 14 days before the ETOH application. The animals were sacrificed at 0, 1, 5, 15, 60 min after ETOH. Evans blue (EB) (1 mg/100 g) was given i.v. 15 min before autopsy. The number and severity of lesions the EB accumulation of the gastric juice and gastric mucosa were noted. It was found, that: 1. The vascular permeability increased after ETOH treatment at an early state (within 1-5 min) in association to the macroscopic appearance of erosions. 2. The number and extension of lesions, the EB concentrations in gastric juice and gastric mucosa were significantly higher both after ASV and CSV. 3. Surgical vagotomy alone did not increase the vascular permeability. 4. No significant ulcer formation was observed in vagotomized rats without ETOH treatment. It was concluded, that 1. Both ASV and CSV enhanced the development of gastric mucosal injury induced by ethanol. 2. Neither acute nor chronic surgical vagotomy exerted an effect of the development of mucosal injury and vascular permeability without the application of the noxious agent. 3. The further increase of enhanced vascular permeability by vagotomy probably has an etiologic role in the aggravating effect of ASV and CSV on the development of chemical-induced lesions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-224
Number of pages6
JournalActa physiologica Hungarica
Volume80
Issue number1-4
Publication statusPublished - 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology (medical)

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