Activity of essential oils in vapor phase against bread spoilage fungi

Judit Krisch, Tserennadmid Rentskenhand, Gergo Horváth, Csaba Vágvölgyi

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10 Citations (Scopus)


The antifungal activity of marjoram and clary sage essential oils (EOs) against bread spoilage molds Aspergillus niger, Penicillium chrysogenum and Rhizopus spp. was investigated by the reversed Petri dish method in malt extract medium and on wheat, wheat-rye mixed, and rye bread slices modeling an active packaging. Changes in colony size and colony growth rate were evaluated as markers for growth inhibition effect of the EOs. In vitro the most insensitive mold was Rhizopus spp. showing no significant changes after EO treatment compared to the untreated control. However, growth of all of the investigated molds was significantly reduced on EO vapor treated bread slices. To overcome problems rising from the strong aroma of EOs further experiments are needed to find the best EOs with acceptable aroma and high effectiveness to be used in combined technologies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-12
Number of pages4
JournalActa Biologica Szegediensis
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2013



  • Essential oil
  • Reversed petri dish
  • Sliced bread
  • Vapor phase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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