Active site of mycobacterial dUTPase: Structural characteristics and a built-in sensor

Balázs Varga, Orsolya Barabás, Eniko Takács, Nikolett Nagy, Péter Nagy, B. Vértessy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

dUTPases are essential to eliminate dUTP for DNA integrity and provide dUMP for thymidylate biosynthesis. Mycobacterium tuberculosis apparently lacks any other thymidylate biosynthesis pathway, therefore dUTPase is a promising antituberculotic drug target. Crystal structure of the mycobacterial enzyme in complex with the isosteric substrate analog, α,β-imido-dUTP and Mg2+ at 1.5 Å resolution was determined that visualizes the full-length C-terminus, previously not localized. Interactions of a conserved motif important in catalysis, the Mycobacterium-specific five-residue-loop insert and C-terminal tetrapeptide could now be described in detail. Stacking of C-terminal histidine upon the uracil moiety prompted replacement with tryptophan. The resulting sensitive fluorescent sensor enables fast screening for binding of potential inhibitors to the active site. Kd for α,β-imido-dUTP binding to mycobacterial dUTPase is determined to be 10-fold less than for human dUTPase, which is to be considered in drug optimization. A robust continuous activity assay for kinetic screening is proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8-13
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume373
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 15 2008

Fingerprint

Catalytic Domain
Biosynthesis
Sensors
Screening
Uracil
Mycobacterium
Catalysis
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Histidine
Tryptophan
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Assays
Crystal structure
Kinetics
DNA
Substrates
Enzymes
dUTP pyrophosphatase
2'-deoxyuridine 5'-imidotriphosphate
2'-deoxyuridylic acid

Keywords

  • dUTPase
  • Enzyme kinetics
  • Fluorescence spectroscopy
  • Inhibitor screening
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis
  • Pyrophosphate assay
  • Tryptophan sensor
  • Tuberculosis
  • Uracil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

Active site of mycobacterial dUTPase : Structural characteristics and a built-in sensor. / Varga, Balázs; Barabás, Orsolya; Takács, Eniko; Nagy, Nikolett; Nagy, Péter; Vértessy, B.

In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol. 373, No. 1, 15.08.2008, p. 8-13.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Varga, Balázs ; Barabás, Orsolya ; Takács, Eniko ; Nagy, Nikolett ; Nagy, Péter ; Vértessy, B. / Active site of mycobacterial dUTPase : Structural characteristics and a built-in sensor. In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. 2008 ; Vol. 373, No. 1. pp. 8-13.
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