The identification of transglutaminase in the growth-factor-dependent mouse mast cell line PT18 was accomplished through its characteristic catalytic properties (specificity, calcium dependency, and inhibition by iodoacetamide); and by both immunoprecipitation and Western blot analysis using affinity purified antibody. The enzymatic activity in these cells increased in association with the release of histamine from the cells induced by an IgE-dependent mechanism or by exposure to the ionophores A23187 or Br-x537A. The increase in transglutaminase activity was paralleled by a marked increase in the level of protein-bound γ-glutamylhistamine, determined in radiolabeled form in mast cells that were either metabolically labeled with [3H]histidine or incubated with [3H]histamine before degranulation. The highest level of bound γ-glutamylhistamine was found in the immunologically stimulated cells. Enzymatic activity and the γ-glutamyl derivative were associated primarily with the cells, both before and after stimulation. Separation of γ-glutamylhistamine in a proteolytic digest of these cells was carried out using a combination of ion exchange chromatography and high performance liquid chromatography. The γ-glutamyl compound was identified and quantitated through the enzymatic production of histamine with the use of γ-glutamylamine cyclotransferase, an enzyme specific for the disassembly of γ-glutamylamines.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1 1985|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology