Acquired equivalence and related memory processes in migraine without aura

Attila Öze, A. Nagy, G. Benedek, Balázs Bodosi, S. Kéri, Éva Pálinkás, Katalin Bihari, Gábor Braunitzer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction Interictal deficits of elementary visuo-cognitive functions are well documented in patients with migraine and are mostly explained in terms of neocortical hyperexcitability. It has been suggested that the basal ganglia and the hippocampi might also be affected in migraine. If so, a deterioration of learning and memory processes related to these structures is expected. Methods A visual learning paradigm thought to be capable of dissociating learning/memory processes mediated by the basal ganglia from processes mediated by the hippocampus (the Rutgers Acquired Equivalence Test) was applied to a group of patients with migraine without aura and to age- and sex-matched controls. Results Patients with migraine showed a significantly poorer performance in both main phases of the test and the deficit in the phase considered to be dependent on the hippocampi was especially marked. Conclusions These results can be interpreted as behavioural support for findings that have suggested the involvement of the basal ganglia and the hippocampi in migraine, but further research is needed to clarify these findings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)532-540
Number of pages9
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2017



  • acquired equivalence
  • basal ganglia
  • hippocampus
  • learning
  • Migraine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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