Achievement of pH-independence of poorly-soluble, ionizable loratadine by inclusion complex formation with dimethyl-β-cyclodextrin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)


A tricyclic, piperidine derivative of antihistamines, loratadine, which belongs in class II of the Biopharmaceutical Classification System, was investigated. It is an ionizable drug, whose solubility depends on the gastrointestinal pH, and the bioavailability is therefore very variable. The aim of this work was to enhance the dissolution and make the solubility of loratadine independent of pH. Inclusion complexes were prepared between loratadine and dimethyl-β-cyclodextrin in two different molar ratios by three techniques (physical mixing, kneading and spray-drying). The formation and physicochemical properties of the inclusion complexes were investigated by means of dissolution tests, thermal analysis and Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy. The instrumental examinations proved the presence of partial or total complexes depending on the preparation method and molar ratio, which resulted in better dissolution. For some compositions and preparation methods, the application of this cyclodextrin made the solubility of loratadine independent of pH.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249-254
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Inclusion Phenomena and Macrocyclic Chemistry
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - Mar 13 2009



  • Co-crystal
  • FT-IR
  • Loratadine
  • PH-independent solubility
  • Thermal analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this