We analyzed the levels of acetylated histones and histone H3 dimethylated on lysine 4 (H3K4me2) at the LMP2A promoter (LMP2Ap) of Epstein-Barr virus in well-characterized type I and type III lymphoid cell line pairs and additionally in the nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell line C666-1 by using chromatin immunoprecipitation. We found that enhanced levels of acetylated histones marked the upregulated LMP2Ap in lymphoid cells. In contrast, in C666-1 cells, the highly DNA-methylated, inactive LMP2Ap was also enriched in acetylated histones and H3K4me2. Our results suggest that the combinatorial effects of DNA methylation, histone acetylation, and H3K4me2 modulate the activity of LMP2Ap.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Insect Science