PURPOSE: To assess the advantage in glaucoma screening of the use of scanning laser polarimetry with customized cornea compensation (GDx-VCC) combined with Matrix Frequency Doubling Technology (M-FDT) testing. METHODS: In a nonpopulation-based prepublicized trial, self-recruited white participants were screened for glaucoma with GDx-VCC, with M-FDT, and by independent clinical examination. Cases with possible glaucoma as found with any of the screening methods underwent a detailed clinical investigation to verify or exclude glaucoma. Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, likelihood ratios, and predictive values were calculated using different threshold criteria for GDx-VCC alone, M-FDT alone, and for various combinations. RESULTS: Of the 233 attendees, 181 participants (345 eyes) successfully underwent the GDx-VCC and M-FDT measurements. Thirty-nine eyes of 24 participants had glaucoma (11.3% prevalence among eyes tested successfully). All but 2 of the glaucomatous eyes had only early damage. Evaluated separately, the criterion GDx-VCC NFI (normal threshold ≤30) performed best, with 97.0% specificity, 88.8% accuracy, and 25.6% sensitivity; but with only 8.5 positive likelihood ratio (PLR). For paired criteria, the best combination of GDx-VCC-screening test with M-FDT-screening test provided 99.6% specificity, 91.3% accuracy, and 28.6 PLR. For NFI combined with GDx-VCC nerve fiber bundle defect criterion, specificity was 99.0%, accuracy 89.6%, and PLR 18.0. However, the sensitivities in the 2 cases fell to 12.0% and 18.0%. For a triple combination of M-FDT-screening test with the latter pair of criteria, sensitivity increased to 41.7% and PLR (13.6) still remained clinically useful. CONCLUSIONS: In a self-recruited white population with relatively high risk for mild glaucomatous damage, a combination of GDx-VCC together with M-FDT could usefully be employed for mass glaucoma screening.
- Frequency doubling technology
- Scanning laser polarimetry
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